Can having my front windshield replaced in a Honda fit cause the check engine light to come on?
This seems like it's coincidental unless the workers who replaced your windshield had to touch electronics to put it in. Go down to your local auto parts store, ask them to do a computer scan on your car, and come back to the internet and punch that code into a search engine to get an answer. If that code seems to be an electronic problem from a device around the windshield then go back to the company, explain what happened and what you've discovered since then and ask them to check it.
Hope this helps!