To combat detonation (in SI engines)
To increase power/efficiency
There are a few important factors at play here.
Engine detonation is a real concern for SI engines
A spark-ignition engine is more likely to experience premature ignition (aka knocking or detonation) with hotter air. In fact, the calculations in the example below can show ...
The "take some of the output force to reuse it as input" can be interpreted as regenerative braking, but the big differences are:
Regenerative braking takes power back from the wheels while turbo take power from the engine itself, that would be otherwise wasted.
The power of the turbo adds to the normal power of the engine while the power of regenerative ...
tl;dr: Overboost is too much air, usually at too high a temperature. Detonation is likely to follow.
Remember, the engine is just an air pump. All the turbo is doing is making it easier for air molecules to get into the intake side of the engine. Of course, the turbo has finite efficiency: it is pushing in more air molecules but it's also increasing ...
This question and answer regarding the subject matter has some very good information in it as well the answer reveals a mathematical paradox with regenerative braking
What is regenerative braking and why don't we use it?
This Q&A is a bit off your topic but has breadcrumbs regarding recapturing lost energy through a turbo to ...
No, there isn't any equivalent. A turbo is used because combustion engines are inherently inefficient: they convert chemical energy into mechanical energy, using an awkward detour via heat. Unfortunately, heat is pretty much the worst possible way to store energy: by the laws of thermodynamics, you can only convert it to other forms of energy if you also ...
If you have a highly tuned performance car you are told, by the manufacturer, to idle for a few minutes before you roll up to the pump, otherwise you can destroy your turbo. Turbos get very hot - stopping them while hot means you don't have any way to transfer heat away from them - and so bearings die and cast components occasionally crack.
I regularly see ...
In bold, I'm answering the questions at face value, specific answers for your scenario are below each bold answer.
1: I would be a bit concerned about driving this car until diagnosed by a mechanic.
From the sounds of it, the high pressure oil feed for the turbo came off. Which meant you were running the turbo with no oil running through it, depending on ...
The power of an engine is not determined by the difference in pressure between the combustion chamber and the exhaust. Power is determined by how much energy one can put into the combustion chamber and the efficiency of how that energy is applied.
When one is compressing the intake air, additional oxygen is being included in the "mix" allowing for ...
I thought it could work more like a supercharger, except it will be powered by battery instead of engine.
This isn't the first time someone has thought of "electric" supercharging.
There's nothing wrong with having electrical power source per se (the leaf-blower Monza comes to mind), but you're going to need way more than 10 W worth of power (which is what ...
Sounds to me like the car is suffering from a boost leak - either the plumbing has a leak somewhere or the wastegate doesn't hold pressure properly. Does the car have a boost gauge and if it does, can you see if you're losing boost at the same time you get the noise?
Normally you'll have a hard time hearing the wastegate if it's an OEM one as they all ...
The A/R ratio is the ratio of the cross-sectional area of the area where gasses flow and the radius of that spot from the center of the turbocharger. Usually the A/R ratio is constant along the channels where gasses flow.
In simpler terms
The letters A/R refer to Area and Radius.
If the radius of the turbocharger is greater at a given point, the cross-...
OP's question states:
It should follow that turbocharging should be equally effective pumping air out the exhaust, than in the inlet.
No, it is not as effective.
You can't reduce the pressure to less than 0 psi. So the maximum "suck" you can get is 1 bar.
The boost pressure on high performance engines can be 2 to 3 bar. But working from the ...
The waste gate is designed (as you'll see in Bob's excellent answer to his linked question) to avoid spinning the turbo up unless needed. This saves fuel and wear.
The blow off valve or dump valve is designed to stop a compression wave passing back into the turbo when you close the throttle, as this wave could stall the turbo completely, which can put high ...
Most of my knowledge comes from turbo engines.
Detonation or preignition is caused by the air/fuel mixture igniting before the spark plug fires. The mixture is typically ignited by a hot spot either in the head, or on some carbon deposits.
Turbo and superchargers are more likely to detonate, because of the higher pressure. There is more volume of air/...
Using that kind of blowers as turbochargers is generally proved worthless. The main drawback is these devices are not capable of creating any significant pressure, especially considering internal combustion engine's air flow rate.
As @HandyHowie already mentioned one could even experience air flow restriction. Some quick maths: consider 1 cylinder 2 stroke ...
I was unable to find any manufacturers that have rolled out this technology into production vehicles but there are several manufacturers that have the baseline technology in R&D
Formula 1 has always been a playground for engineers and with the new rules implemented in 2012 the current platforms are running this technology and ...
It is quite likely the work performed has introduced a subtle air leak that only manifests itself under high boost.
Pressurizing the intake tract with the car off will help you identify the source of the leak. A hose fitting that isn't honked down all the way will exhibit this kind of behavior under boost.
I like how Jafro figured out the source of his car'...
IMO this is not a stupid idea, however it doesn't actually make sense for multiple reasons:
A naturally-aspirated Otto or Diesel engine by itself doesn't expand the gas even to atmospheric pressure. When opening the exhaust valve, there's an overpressure escaping – thus wasting energy – before the exhaus stroke itself starts. (This is the concrete reason ...
You should whenever possible let the engine idle for a short period of time to allow the turbo to cool in big trucks and cars alike. It will definitely add life to your turbo.
If you are keeping relatively low speeds and minimal boost in the last few minutes of your drive such as in your neighborhood or long driveway then the time needed to allow the ...
The letters are standard:
Sport (or possibly Snow - thanks @Brian)
Braking (usually for going down hills)
None of these have anything to do with 4WD or 2WD selection. If your Daihatsu is the 4WD version, it is permanently 4WD - there is no selector on that spec of car. It was a specific Japanese edition.
You have stated ...
Non-turbo diesels lose less power in the Rockies
At least according to the SAE J1349 standard.
(Calculations shown below).
Dry air pressure in the Rockies = 90 kPa ( at 3000 ft)
Absolute Temperature = 277.15 K ( 4 °C )
This allows us to compute the two quantities, A & B, that are used to determine the correction factors for ...
What does the term A/R ratio mean?
In almost all automotive applications that you are likely to see, turbos are a radial flow, snail shaped turbine section attached to a similar compressor section. As we see in this illustration from the Turbocharger Fundamentals article:
How is it computed?
The cross-sectional Area to Radius ratio is a consequence of ...
What does forced induction buy?
In a word, density.
For compressible fluids, pressure alone doesn't tell the full story
But pressure and temperature together do.
The old physics adage "hot air rises, cold air sinks" is a great example of this. Air at the same pressure but different densities at different temperatures.
The internal ...
I suspect a 96bhp 1.4 engine would struggle to provide enough power to spin up a supercharger and two turbochargers. I also suspect that the charging units you have chosen would not be well matched to your engine.
Might I suggest obtaining something like an IHI from a Lancia Y10 Turbo, a G40 G-ladder from a VW Polo 1.3 G40 or a Garret from an MG Metro ...
Both turbochargers and superchargers perform the same function: compress air that will be fed into the engine. In other words, they are glorified air compressors.
As with any compressor, both need energy in order to compress the air, which is where the difference between the two devices becomes relevant.
Superchargers are belt-driven or chain-driven, so ...
You've understood how they work, now you must think about "when" they work to understand why they're there.
A turbo utilizes the exhaust gas to spin a turbine which which is mechanically coupled to another impeller on the intake side which forces air into the engine. As the engine produces more exhaust, the turbo spins faster and produces more boost until ...
Turns out the previous owner of the car adjusted the wastegate actuator in an attempt to increase boost pressure. The sudden loss of boost came about because the ECU forced the wastegate open in an attempt to keep the manifold attached to the engine ;) Kudos to whomever wrote the software for the Bosch Motronics unit.
First: Diesels have a very simple operation which is basically more air, more fuel = more power. On gasoline engines you have to worry more about running too lean, too hot, having incorrect timing. And, you generally already have enough air. You run at higher RPMs and suck in more air. Gasoline is much more volatile than Diesel. It burns ...
Yes, you have to do that. Your turbo heats up to around 900 degrees Celsius under hard driving conditions. When you shut off the car, You suddenly take away the heat source and the ambient temperature falls to around 95 degrees Celsius (the normal operating temperature for a Subaru that has been driven hard). This causes the turbine housing to experience ...
I Believe It's a Hose Connection Point
Unmetered air whether it's a negative pressure or positive pressure is bad.
That being said, I find it interesting that losing some of the boost isn't detected and triggering a CEL. So that maps to your idea of a smaller leak along with the not subtle high pitched sound.
If it were a bad gasket, I'd ...