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Questions tagged [emissions]

The various chemicals emitted in exhaust gasses from an internal combustion engine. The usual gasses which are measured through emissions testing are Nitrogen Oxide (NO2), Carbon Monoxide (CO2), and HydroCarbons (HC).

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Emissions reading on a 1993 Toyota Corona/Carina E 3SFE 2.0

Are these values normal for a 1993 car? If not, please tell me what should be fixed or replaced. I believe it's running rich based on the lambda value.
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Low idle after adding gasoline

This has happened twice now. My 2000 toyota sienna runs fine until I went to add gasoline. Upon startup, my idle was immediately much lower. I can rev throttle and it sounds smoothly until I release ...
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What can cause “check gas cap” warnings other than a loose gas cap?

I have a 2006 Saturn Ion, and a few months ago I started getting a warning about my gas cap. Specifically, as I was driving the dash display would beep and say "Check Gas Cap." I bought a new cap to ...
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2012 Mazda 5: P0422 Code

My 2012 Mazda 5 Grand Touring has been having the following problem. Sometimes it takes an extended amount of time to start and other times it will crank normally, but then sputter and stall. When ...
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Sour smell from bus engines

Im not sure if this is the place to ask this but i have seen somewhat similar questions asked here.Whenever I go along side a running diesel bus engine(most prominent in older buses i think) I always ...
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Cannot hold constant RPM on Neutral with accelerator pedal

Having Chrysler Town & Country 2008 with 4.0L gasoline engine. Is it normal that i'm not able to keep engine at 2k RPM for 10 seconds? After some seconds, it just climbs itself up to 3k, but i'm ...
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Hi CO Emissions - Kial Soul+ 2.0L

My 2012 Kia Soul+ (53,700 miles) failed the emissions test for high HC and high CO at high RPMs (2500). After a new air filter, spark plugs, a professional injector and throttle body cleaning, the ...
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92 Toyota P'up Smog Test Fix?

My'92 Toyota P'up runs great, has had thorough annual maintenance since purchased new, & odometer is now at 166,500 miles. My last smog check indicated that the M1: 15 MPH "HC" (PPM) MEAS was 95, ...
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Check engine light : code p0455. Idling below 1,000 rpms losing Acceleration power at times and engine dies randomly

Car is a 2009 Chevy impala. Engine code p0455 is the only code my car shows. I have already had a vent solenoid replaced. It was the one by the gas tank that was about a year ago now. No issues ...
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3answers
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What is exhaust gas recirculation?

From what I understand, EGR is used to reduce the temperature of combustion without increasing the amount of fuel injected to reduce NOx emission. This is done by reducing the oxygen percentage ...
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Does anyone know the OEM for the 2006 Infiniti qx56 oxygen sensors

I've got the part numbers and some cross references for the 2006 Infiniti QX56 oxygen sensors, but I would like to buy from the OEM. Bosch? Denso? infiniti front left/right 226937S000 bosch 17204 5 ...
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What could be causing High HC GPM, CO GPM, prevent the RPM from going over 4000, and creating an odd exhaust sound?

I have a Toyota Camry 94, it failed its emission test today with 2.62 HC GPM(Limit is 1.2) , 56.87 CO GPM (Limit is 15). The car also won't rev over 4000 RPM and acts as if it has a governor on when ...
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Car shakes upon startup, dies. Other times gas pedal does not respond

I'm pretty uneducated when it comes cars but im hoping you guys can help me. I have a 99 Ford Ranger that upon startup (not every time) shakes extremely hard and then dies. Other times when driving I ...
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High CO Emissions

My Yaris is due for an MOT this month. The last MOT report says that CO is right on the limit, everything else is normal HC, Lambda etc., as shown below. The CO has been creeping up every year, and ...
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Emissions check engine light on a Honda Civic

Would a dirty air filter trigger a check engine light "Check Emission System". It is intermittent and seems to come on while driving on the highway when the ambient temp is below 0 C. Any ideas or ...
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Engine grease fell into combustion chamber

I was changing a spark plug out on a 2000 Ford Expedition with a 5.4L Triton, with the coils on the plugs (COP), and I'm worried about how dirty it was. I was being as careful as possible, but I know ...
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1answer
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Check emission system displayed on dashboard display

For the last week it has been extremely cold where I live (varies between -27 to -33 degrees Celcius). Is it possible for a fuel cap check valve to freeze open? Last night leaving work the display ...
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1answer
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Won't pass emissions, Bad ECU?

So, Last year my 94 Acura Integra AT passed emissions by the skin of its teeth, this year it won't pass, I have noticed in past year and half that dropped from around 30mpg to about 15mpg. Some times ...
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Is it possible for me to see oxygen, caused by valve overlap, in the exhaust gases?

Recently I put my car on the 4 gas analyser, and it gave me these results at idle: CO2: 10.64 % CO: 4.98 % O2: 1.94 % HC: 148 ppm Lambda value: 0.93/13.7AFR I have to mention that it concerns ...
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2k views

GM P0420 Code - Eliminating Possible Causes in Chevy G10

I have a 1996 Chevy G10 van with 14X,XXX miles on it. It has the 5.0 engine. I do not have a scanner myself, but, according to a shop, the van was throwing code P0420. According to my research, this ...
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Are riding mowers required to have emissions controls in the US?

I know that regular push mowers are not required to have any sort of emissions controls, so mowing is pretty terrible environmentally. Riding mowers are bigger, and burn more gas, so without any sort ...
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What formula is used when deriving AFR/lambda value from emissions?

When you get your vehicle hooked up to a gas analser, you'll see the 4 or 5 kinds of emissions you're interested in, and a lambda or AFR value derived from those emission values. I was wondering how ...
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322 views

2006 Hyundai Sonata GLS emissions fail

I own a 2006 Hyundai Sonata GLS 3.3L v6 and recently gave it for some repair work after which the car failed emissions test.The shop told me that the oxygen sensor and Catalyst Monitor are not ready ...
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Illusive evap code - Hard to find the issue

98 Honda Civic Ex. For a while now my car will throw a p1456 evap code but sometimes it doesn't and the system completes the test. I'll randomly hook up my obd2 scanner and it'll either have a ...
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Why are there differences in 2 Smog Check VIRs?

I had 2 Smog Check Vehicle Inspection Reports within a week performed at different stations. I see differences in both the "Inspection Reason" and the "Software Version/EIS Number" plus the "Exhaust" ...
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Ford Focus 2006 Losing Power and chucking when driving

My 2006 Ford Focus is losing power and chucking when driving it. The "emission system" light is turning on and off. I went to the mechanic and they suggested it was a dirty air filter. I changed the ...
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1answer
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Why did my smog check cost so much?

I have a 1991 Cadillac Eldorado and had to go to a Star Certified test station for a DMV-required biennial smog check. The technician gave me the price up front and I said that was a lot. He said the ...
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50 views

2010 Ford Fusion CARB certification

I have a 2010 Ford Fusion that I will be bringing from Texas to California. Will I need to do any modifications to be CARB certified?
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1k views

Why do tow truck drivers never turn off their engines? [closed]

I was at an outdoor wedding recently and I could hear a truck idling behind the hedges so I went to investigate. It was an AAA tow truck and the driver was filling out paperwork. I explained that a ...
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Uncertain of connections

Emission system and vacuum system detailed diagram and photo (underhood) for a 2001 Ford Ranger XLT 3.0 v6 automatic, power locks & windows. If anyone has a photo of these systems so I know how ...
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Results surprising said lab reporter of emission testing on Toyota Qualis Diesel 4 wheeler on AVL DiTest MDS 205

I got emissions of Toyota Qualis Diesel car tested with the AVL DiTest MDS 205, the result sheet had following columns rpm, temp, secs, CO(%vol.), CO corrected, CO2(% vol.), HC(ppm),HC corrected(ppm),...
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Why have to concentrate on exhaust gas instead of inlet mixture in Indian Bikes for emission control [closed]

I am having Apache RTR 180 (carburetor version) . Having a question towards Bharat Stage (BS) (Emission Norms) against bikes. Recently went through BS specification. To achieve this, we are going ...
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Emissions - High CO reading only

My 1999 Honda CRV has just failed it's UK MOT test on emissions. Results are below: 1st test: CO 0.73 (FAIL - max is 0.30) HC 78 (PASS - max is 200) Lambda 1.008 (PASS - between 0.970 & ...
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1answer
556 views

Effect of smoke ingestion on fuel injected car engine?

My father asks, can smoke in the air from wild fires cause a fuel injected engine to choke? (He seems to think this was once true for carbureted engines - was it?) My personal guess is that we can ...
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1answer
202 views

Why don't we have slow diesel engines? [closed]

I became very curious about this. Petrol engines run at higher RPMs to generate the required torque. Also, petrol burns well in a short amount of time. Diesel engines generate high torque at low ...
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1answer
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Emissions Test / U0121 CEL Disimissed Itself

I own a 2005 Mazda 3 (SP 2.3 Manual) and I took the car to get the annual emissions test. During the OBD part of the test, my CEL came on, and the test listed a code of U0121. As far as I can tell ...
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What could cause high HC and CO, but low NO and CO2 in a smog test

Despite my confidence in having a (relatively) new catalytic converter and a new O2 sensor, my lovely 1994 BMW 325i Convertible got flagged as a "Gross Polluter." The test results are summarized below:...
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1answer
794 views

Would an ethanol engine require a catalytic converter?

Would an engine designed for 100% ethanol require a catalytic converter? From what I've read ethanol creates little to no carbon monoxide or hydrocarbons, and very low amounts of NOx. Not sure how ...
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1answer
2k views

What is the purpose of secondary air injection?

What is the purpose of secondary air injection in a gasoline engine? It seems to be an old technology, according to Wikipedia it was introduced in 1966. Does secondary air injection have any value in ...
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When will a new emission driving cycle be implemented?

For emssion tests, they have used the NEDC driving cyle here in Europe for quite a while now. I'm not sure about America and Asia, but i believe they use similar driving cycles. After the emission ...
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2answers
2k views

PCV Valve hose question

What is a PCV Valve Hose made of? Can any rubber hose replace it? Like the rubber hoses used for gas lines in lawnmowers? Does it need to be made of some type of plastic? From what I understand, the ...
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1answer
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P0171 and P0174 in 2008 Range Rover HSE

I have a 2008 Range Rover HSE with 147,000 miles. I got a check engine light and the PID indicated catalytic converters in bank 2 were bad. I replaced the cats and then started getting P0171 and ...
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2answers
4k views

Will eliminating factory catalytic converter have effect on emission testing?

I'm not exactly a car guy or know much about cars, but I would love to get some performance headers installed. The problem is that the headers that I found for my car state the following "Eliminates ...
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1answer
621 views

How are EVAP system leaks detected by the ECU?

I am curious which sensor(s) detects an EVAP leak and throw error codes, for example: P0442 - EVAP System Leak Detected (small leak) P0455 - EVAP System Leak Detected (large leak) My car is a 2003 ...
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245 views

What are vehicle emission limitations in Bavaria? [closed]

I currently work in USA but I'm going to relocate to Münich, Bavaria. The thing is I want to transport my 2001 Ford Mustang to Germany. My only concern (other than costs of course) is that European ...
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1answer
45 views

Smog test fail, lack of oil?

I have a 2001 Toyota Corolla. It failed a smog test and it misfires. It has a code that the vehicle repair shop doesn't recognize, could this be because of lack of oil in my car? My stepson has never ...
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1answer
1k views

Water like drop coming out of the exhaust of the car stops? [duplicate]

Earlier, water like drops come out of the exhaust of my car. I searched web, and it shows that its a good sign. But for last few months after a regular maintenance cycle (Oil, Oil Filter, Air Filter, ...
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1answer
104 views

Relation of VIN of a car with emission norms of a country it is sold

A VIN of a car determines the country of manufacture. So if a car has a VIN of Canada (CARB emission standard) and is sold in India (BS-IV emission standard), will the car comply with BS-IV standards? ...
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2answers
444 views

Emission performance of a vehicle using OBD

The California Air Resource Board uses OBD scanner for emission testing. (https://www.arb.ca.gov/msprog/obdprog/obdprog.htm) In other places like India, 'tail pipe exhaust gas analyse' method is ...
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1answer
242 views

ELM 327 How i can know a calculated CO CO2 HC & NOx with ELM OBDII? Is it possible?

I have a question, if i have many codes from my ELM 327 OBDII, Mass sensor, Km traveled, Lambda, Temp, fuel pressure, gallons x time, engine load.... hao i can calculated these emissions?