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Good Evening,

Some time ago I bought a used KIA ceed 2009. I've checked it with a mechanic who found it clean. The car was stationary for a long time and with little gasoline in the tank.

I changed his oils, filters (not gasoline) and put him a 15 liter 9 RON. Suddenly, the engine control lamp and error p0420 appeared. The engineer told me to put 100 RON petrol and move it a little bit because the stillness may have been precipitated. I put another 10 liters of 100 RON (plus the 95RON already in the tank) switched off CEL and moved it to Athens for a few days and suddenly the CEL lit up yesterday. I take the cellphone diagnostic (Torque pro) and measure the oxygen sensor voltages (front and back of the catalyst). I found that the voltages of the two sensors are the same, which I read is definitely a catalyst. The car has shown no signs of getting stuck, smelling or behaving in a strange way. Meanwhile, fuel consumption has increased (about 10.5 l / 100 km, 1400 cubic centimeters) and only when out of motion does it fall.

Exhaust control values are (I don't know how hot the car was when it was measured)

Idle: CO 0.12%, HC: 64 ppm, RPM: 0.15%, HC: 71 ppm, λ: 0.991

I've measured the O2 voltages. In the idle, rear voltage (downstream) is a flat line whereas the front voltage (upstream) oscillates slowly. After some time (2mins, still no moving car) the downstream and upstream oscillates the exact same way. The temperature is 90oC and the engine runs in closed loop . Catalytic converter temperature sensor shows about 400oC. (These are the readings from torque and OBD fusion). The p0420 is pending, I've erased the last one yesterday.

I plan to change a gas filter to see if it will come out again, otherwise, I suspect there is something wrong with the oxygen sensors (and based on what I've read). Do you think that immobility could cause such problems? Shall I move it further so that all deposits are cleared? Could it be the bad coolant?

  • Welcome to the site! It could actually be a bad catalytic converter, how many miles or kilometers are on the odometer? – GdD Jan 16 at 13:20
  • 120k km. Before changing the cat, I would like to notice that except of that CEL, no other problem is obvious. Even the mechanic cannot find anything. – dimpep Jan 16 at 13:29
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    If the O2 sensors are working, the upstream voltages should oscillate and the downstream should flatline. If the downstream oscillates the cat isn't working or there's too rich of a mixture entering the cat. The code is pending, so I'd just drive it through a couple of tanks of gas and see what happens. If you get a hard code after that, then look for a bad cat or fuel trims. – Jupiter Jan 16 at 14:10
  • What do you mean by fuel trims? – dimpep Jan 16 at 14:15
  • That's an answer @Jupiter – GdD Jan 16 at 15:02
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90% of the time a P0420 is a bad cat converter. If you want to throw in a new upstream O2 sensor, fine. But you'll probably be replacing the cat converter anyway. See this post on P0420

https://ricksfreeautorepairadvice.com/p0420-is-it-the-catalytic-converter-or-the-oxygen-sensor/

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  • I think it should be the downstream O2 sensor, I will check it with my mechanic. – dimpep Jan 16 at 20:37
  • IF the downstream sensor is moving in time with the upstream, the doewnstream sensor is good. It's pretty hard to fool the computer when it comes to P0420. The fact that they both move up and down is a sign of a bad cat. It's not doing its job in removing excess fuel. – user9181 Jan 16 at 21:57
  • I changed the cat and the problem gone. – dimpep Jan 31 at 13:52

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