I just saw this image and I am wondering what is happening here:
The car was running and it seemed that the wind direction was out of the pipe?
Motor Vehicle Maintenance & Repair Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for mechanics and DIY enthusiast owners of cars, trucks, and motorcycles. It only takes a minute to sign up.Sign up to join this community
This is a quick-n-dirty test done to see if there might be an issue with a burnt exhaust valve. Another similar test uses a dollar bill (or whatever currency you happen to have). What is being checked for is reversion. This is an issue where if the exhaust valve is open when the piston is on the intake stroke, there will be the situation where exhaust gasses are pulled back into the cylinder along with air/fuel from the intake tract (with a non-direct injection setup ... just air with direct injection). If there is reversion, the flame from the lighter will be pulled into the exhaust pipe when lit in front of it. In the dollar bill test, the bill will rattle against the exhaust pipe.
Reversion can happen in one of three ways (that I'm aware of):