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After reading some articles regarding 'running low on oil', I understood the logic that having more (appropriate amount) of oil is better than running low as oil has time to cool down before it has to be 'used' again to cool/lubricate and what not.

So my question actually is; how does it get cooled? I don't think it goes through the radiator. Does the oil just 'sit' and cools off by time?

If that's the case; wouldn't driving for a long time (let's say 8 hours) cause it to only get hotter and hotter? My car stays at 90-91 degrees Celsius (Audi A6) and won't go over unless it's really a hot day and I've been standing still or there's something wrong.


I've noticed there are oil-coolers / oil radiators but I feel like that's an aftermarket thing. Like this: enter image description here

Is a stock car already equipped with such cooling system?

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    An important function of motor oil in to cool the bearings. They normally have a Babbitt ( tin or lead ) layer, its' strength is significantly reduced at temperatures like 400 F. That is why the proper viscosity oil must be used; the bearing clearances permit specific oil flows depending on viscosity. – blacksmith37 Oct 13 '17 at 19:23
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While cooling occurs when the oil is in the sump, cooling also occurs in other parts of the engine as well. The main purpose of oil is to lubricate, which reduces friction in the engine (other things oil does is cool, clean, protect, and cushion). Friction creates heat. Oil reduces the friction by giving two metal surfaces something to slide over so they are not in contact. This means oil gets everywhere inside the engine (where it's supposed to be, anyway ... shouldn't get in those pesky coolant passages :o). After an engine starts, the temperature of everything gets where it needs to be. The coolant temperature gets (depending on the vehicle) to around 195-210°F. This is mainly the coolant temperature. The metal around the engine can get hotter than this (depending on where it's at in the engine). The oil will also get hotter than this as well. During normal engine operation, oil should stay in the 230-260°F range. This is a lot higher than the cooling system. As oil travels through the engine to reach the sump, it's going to go over areas which are cooler than this, so the oil will give up heat as it flows over. Once inside the sump, it doesn't stay there long, but does give up heat through the sump pan. Many auto manufacturers now use aluminum pans to give the engine better overall support. Aluminum is also a great conductor of heat, which means it helps dissipate the heat in the oil through transference and radiation.

One of the reasons the oil is engineered to run hotter than the coolant is because during the combustion process, a lot of water is created from burning fossil fuels. Some of this gets into the oil. If the oil were not to get hot enough, the water would stay in the oil which would create certain acids, which would aid in the destruction of the engine internals. By running hotter than the boiling point of water, water will evaporate out of the oil and be on its merry way. This is why it's important to have vehicles out on a longer ride if it is only used to going on short trips all the time. Anything longer than 20-30 minutes worth of driving should be more than enough to get the water out.

In your question you wonder if:

... wouldn't driving for a long time (let's say 8 hours) cause it to only get hotter and hotter?

The engine stays at a certain temperature because of the cooling system (as long as it's functioning correctly). This temperature is set by the engineers of the manufacturer. Because the engine itself runs at a much lower temperature than does the oil, heat transference occurs from the oil to the cooler parts of the engine. (I realize I'm sort of restating what I said above.) This brings the temperature of the oil down and the heat goes out through the cooling system as well as through the walls of the sump. The heat doesn't just collect and stay in the oil. There would be other issues if it did!

  • That is a beautiful and very informative answer, @Paulster2! Thank you very much. My concern was indeed that oil at some point would be so hot and not really have an ' good ' outlet for its' heat compared to the coolant. However this did make realize how it all works :) – Paramone Oct 16 '17 at 6:06
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You have two questions here:

1) overfilling with oil is not a good idea - a small amount may not be a problem but too much and it can get picked up and splashed around causing excessive foaming and subsequent damage.

2) cooling on "ordinary" engines is usually just by the sump and you only have to look at some cars that have some type of fins built into the sump (BL Mini for one...). Other cars have engine oil coolers, an also gearbox oil coolers most common on automatics.

(side note - when i put a diesel engine in a volvo 240 estate I used the autobox oil cooler built into the radiator to heat the diesel fuel going in to the engine...helped in winter).

  • Thanks. I haven't overfilled my engine (by too much) or what not, it was just regarding the cooling of the oil itself. I was just wondering how it got cooled. If by air, is it cooled by radiator or some other way? But thanks anyways for your extra info! – Paramone Oct 13 '17 at 14:56
  • You ask again "If by air, is it cooled by radiator or some other way?".... part 2 of my answer addresses that question : some cars rely on the sump, some have a radiator ... – Solar Mike Oct 13 '17 at 15:00
  • Yeah... I'm not asking the question again. I'm just telling you what I was wondering before I asked my question. – Paramone Oct 13 '17 at 15:16
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The oil is cooled by air, not by the radiator. The oil pan underneath the engine radiates the heat as the oil circulates from the hottest parts of the engine. Ordinarily, cars do not have an oil cooler like the one you pictured. It's enough to keep the oil from overheating.

  • Some complex radiators have oil cooling built in, notably the Land Rover Discovery, which cooled the water, the oil, and the transmission fluid (by air, but there was a lot of ballast). Only the AC condenser was separate. Otherwise oil is cooled as it runs past the water jacket. The older high performace Minis (Cooper S c.'69) had fins on the sump too so you are quite correct about the air. – mckenzm Sep 28 '18 at 5:05

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