So, you measure 12.5V between the negative battery terminal and the chassis/motor block? There should be no voltage, or not more that a few 100mV, otherwise, there is something terribly wrong with the ground wire / ground connection. (Or you have one of that ancient cars with the chassis connected to the positive battery terminal)
If you have such an old car, or did measure between chassis an positive terminal:
What's the battery voltage when someone tries to start the car? It should drop, since the battery has to work hard, but not too much. If it drops below... lets say 8-9V, the battery is dead, or even defect. If it does not drop at all, again, there is a cabeling problem.
What's the battery voltage when the motor is running and revved a little? It should be in the order of 14V, indicating that the battery is being charged. If not, it's again a cabeling problem, or the generator isn't working.
Switching the DMM to DCA, there doesn't appear to be any parasitic draw on.
You simply switched from DCV to DCA, and repeated the measurement? In this case, you roasted the fuse inside the DMM, if not the DMM itself. To measure current, you have to open a connection, and put the DMM inbetween. (And usually have to use different terminals at the DMM.)
Note: A typical DMM has a 200mA fuse, but in a car, 200mA is quite nothing A simple 5W bulb draws almost 500mA.
Most DMMs have a high-current mode for 10-20A, which starts to be usable in a car. But the starter draws several 100A, and when the motor is running, the battery is charged with several 10A.
If you tried to measure current between battery terminals in low current ranges, you may have hat luck, and only the battery blew up (resuling in a 0A reading). But the inrush current is so fast so high, that it's possible the fuse was not able to protect the DMM fully.
Finally, one can't measure currents headless in a car with a standard DMM. One can put it between the battery and the cable, if the motor is as well as all major loads (lights, window heating, blower,...) are off, to track down leakage currents.