Hello I have a Chevy Cobalt LS 4 door. The alternator went out in July 2016. It was replaced and went out again in January 2017. It was replaced. Now it is going bad again started in May and finally diagnosed again on July 5th 2017. I have been assured it is not the battery. What are other reasons the alternator is going bad so fast?
There are a number of things that can cause premature alternator failure.
- Substandard replacement parts - it could just be that you have gotten substandard parts that fail more readily
- Poor/damaged ground - a bad ground can cause the alternator to surge and damage the voltage regulator
- Weak/bad battery - a battery that is not holding a charge becomes a load on the system and can cause the alternator to overwork (I know you said you were told the battery is not the problem, but I would check it again)
- Aftermarket accessories - aftermarket accessories can put a huge load on the alternator causing it to work itself to death; things like audio amplifiers, extra lighting, etc. can create extra drain on the electrical system
- Belt slippage - a loose or slipping belt can cause the alternator to not function properly. This can result in dead battery, damaged alternator, or both
I had a 2000 Chevy Blazer where the secondary air pump had a short in it causing the alternator to fail 3 times in six months. There was no other indication in the car that was causing the issue: no check engine light no blown fuses. The secondary air pump was disconnected temporarily until a new one was put in. No more alternator problems.