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The bike is a 1991 Honda Nighthawk with just over 180,000 miles on it. It is around 230ccs, and has a carburetor.

This is my first bike, so I don't have any idea what is typical behavior for a motorcycle. It's been running great, but there are a couple of things which I don't know how to gauge the severity of. I'm relying on this bike for my commute, so what I want find out is if this bike is safe to keep using as a commuter, or if I should stay off of it until I can take it into a shop.

The bike has been stalling at random intervals. This happens when I'm riding at all speeds, and when I'm at a standstill. When the engine dies it's sudden, with essentially no warning. I've taken to keeping the bike geared so that it's not revved high, as if that's the case I can pull the clutch and press the starter and it'll come back without any change in speed, like it never happened. It seems as if the bike just stops firing the spark plugs, and needs a little kick from the starter to keep going. There are days when this doesn't happen at all, and days when it will cut out three or four times within a minute, and every couple of minutes. There's no real pattern to it that I can make out.

When the bike is parked overnight patches of fluid develop underneath the bike, not puddles, and not a drop which you could see without waiting for fifteen minutes or so. The problem seems to be with a bolt on a part directly behind the cooling fins on the engine, about midway up. There's a trail of glistening fluid that has dripped down from the bolt. I'm pretty sure this is gas, but I'm not certain.

Here are some photos of the leaky parts:

A view of the leaky part

I circled the apparent source of the leak in red. It looks to be a bolt of some kind.

A view a little further back

Further back there's still some of the glistening residue, though I'm not sure where this stuff came from; it seems to be out from under the dripping bolt.

My first thought was that the leak could be introducing air into the fuel system, with air bubbles causing the engine to be starved and cut out.

TL;DR

-Engine cuts out randomly

-Leaky part in rear of engine

Is it safe to ride?

  • Could you summarize the issue with bullet points and may be add a TL:DR? – rana Apr 27 '17 at 18:08
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    Welcome to the site. Agreeing with @rana here, but really I'd have you separate this out into separate questions. You have what appears to be three separate issues which require three separate answers. If you like, refer back to this question as the main one to tie them together. Nobody will fault you for asking "too many questions". It will help you in the long run get a more comprehensive answer. I'm looking forward to seeing them! :o) – Pᴀᴜʟsᴛᴇʀ2 Apr 27 '17 at 18:29
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I had a bike with similar, though not exact symptoms. The electrical system would dim and lose power intermittently and sometimes so far as to kill the engine. The issue was a faulty voltage regulator, which was preventing power from the stator reaching the electrical system. Some bikes won't fire the spark plugs if the voltage is too low.

I don't know if / how the leak is related, nor if the above applies to your case.

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The leak is coming from the carburetor float bowl. Make sure the screw in question is tight. That doesn't work you probably need a new float bowl gasket, which is neither expensive nor difficult to install.

No, it's not at all safe to ride a bike with a fuel leak. Looking down to see flames climbing my leg is one of my least favorite experiences ever.

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Dies but always restarts sounds like maybe a leaky intake valve allowing a backfire into the carb? Serious work to fix, not that bad to tolerate. Depends on how fast it gets worse. Does it make a single "pop" noise as it dies?

Wouldn't rule out electrical, but "always restarts" makes me lean against it.

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