How does cruise interact with my car? I mean is it just a feedback loop on the accelerator or does it directly involve fuel injection?

I ask because I find that on my Camry hybrid it actually makes the economy worse rather than better. Whenever I use cruise my L/100km is generally above 8.5 (which incidentally is pretty awful for a hybrid). When I don't use it I can consistently get much better than that.

I'm not exactly sure how cruise control works, but if it is controlling the fuel line that would make sense, as it would be bypassing the electric engine and battery control system completely. But why would they even put that sort of cruise control into a hybrid?

I might be wrong about the economy but that is the general impression I get each time I've tried to use it. I've owned the car for 3 years with lot's of highway driving, and I usually prefer not to use the cruise control because of my observations.

2 Answers 2


Cruise control is not generally considered to be a fuel economy feature. It's mainly intended for comfort and convenience on long highway trips, where fatigue can be a problem.

Traditionally, cruise control systems try to maintain a constant speed over time without driver intervention. They will accelerate to maintain that speed when going up a hill, for example. In a very hilly environment, cruise control will definitely increase fuel consumption compared to driver control.

You didn't specify an exact model, year, etc., and there can be big differences in how cruise control systems are implemented. Generally it involves monitoring the vehicle's speed, engine load, and other factors, and making automatic changes to throttle position, engine timing, etc. to keep the speed constant.

In recent years, the development of adaptive cruise control systems which can use sensors to measure the distance to other cars and automatically adjust speeds has made them more useful in shorter trips and start-and-stop environments, but these systems are still primarily designed for convenience, with an emphasis on safety, not fuel economy.

How cruise control will compare to manual driving also depends heavily on the driver. If you're the kind of person who finds yourself creeping up to higher and higher speeds, then having to slow down when you realize it, then cruise control could definitely help reduce fuel consumption, but that's more a case of eliminating bad driving habits than an actual improvement in efficiency.

Add into this the fact that hybrids have two different kinds of economy (fuel and battery) to be concerned about, and you can imagine that the problem of maintaining a constant speed under varying conditions can be a challenge.

There is research being done on adaptive cruise control and how it can be made more efficient, and in some cases could actually create significant fuel savings, but that's still new technology and it probably won't be mainstream for a few years yet.

A human driver can rely on memory, knowledge, and visible clues (signage, road conditions ahead, level of traffic) to make smart decisions about how to drive and when to speed up or slow down. Cruise control is much more limited, only able to use the information available from sensors (and in more recent cases information from internet databases.) One of the things that enables more efficient cruise control is getting advance information about upcoming conditions, predicting when power will be needed, and making most efficient use of gravity, etc.

Also keep in mind that cars are different, and cruise control systems are different. If the cruise control system was not designed specifically to improve fuel economy, it probably won't.

In your particular case, it's possible you are just a very efficient driver, and the cruise control can't do as good a job as you can. There could also be a problem with a sensor, leading your car to make incorrect decisions about when to accelerate. That could certainly cause more fuel use.

  • Like the answer above, while I don't doubt your observations that you are better in terms of fuel consumption that the cruise control - have you completed identical journeys with both systems for comparison? If not, then it could be that the trips where you use cruise have a "harder" route leading to poorer fuel consumption.
    – Solar Mike
    Jan 26, 2017 at 12:57
  • One of the original selling points of cruise control was better fuel mileage. The thinking was by maintaining a certain speed you weren't in & out of the throttle thus speeding up and slowing down, which should give you better overall fuel economy. I don't know how accurate they were when they stated this (they being car manufacturers), but that was one of their talking points. Jan 26, 2017 at 13:25

I find with my 2017 Kia Niro, that if I use the cruise control on long distance trips that my hybrid battery drains quicker and doesn't recharge as well. If I go off into a rest area, slowing down, applying breaks, then I see the charge going back to the battery. I get really concerned that I may end up in trouble if the battery goes down too far.

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