I agree with @MonkeyZeus comment. Refilling aircon and oil and such are easy scams, and hard to counter. That's all i want to say about that. But there is something you can do to minimize your chances of being scammed.
First; bring your car to a garage that has a good reputation and looks trustworthy. Common sense is enough for a reasonably fair judgement. These garages may be more expensive in short terms, but not in the long run. Cheap service from shady shops will be compensated elsewhere.
If you can, choose a local garage. You know their reputation, and their reputation depends on the local customers. They don't want to lose that, so locals will have less chance to get scammed.
Second; being a regular customer gives you certain benefits. They will be more lenient when your car is broken and you need it fixed directly the day after. A "stranger's" car will be last on the priority list. They don't want to lose their regular customers, so regulars will have less chance to get scammed.
Third; if they scam you they will most probably charge you for something that has a link with the problem you brought the car in for. Only then the scam is credible. So if you let them align your wheels, a steering ball joint would be the first choice to unnecessarily replace, if it actually gets replaced at all.
Fourth; Agree with the garage that they give broken parts back to you. It prevents them from not replacing it and charging you anyway. They must also actually come up with a broken part. It happens that they replace it and sell the old part that's still fine on internet. They'll have to go really far to break it themselves to make it credible. And even broken parts may still hold value. They might want to charge you for keeping the old part, that's not abnormal. Policies about this vary per country and garage, some deduct from your bill what they earned from your old parts. Asking for the old parts also may give them the idea that you're not a layman.
No offense to the fair and honest mechanics on here, but being a mechanic certainly doesn't make you rich, so there's a fair share of them that prematurely replace parts to make a living. Shady garages will do that by offering cheap service and unnecessarily replacing parts, good garages will have more expensive service, but you get what you pay for. I'd choose the latter.