Yes and No, Vehicle manufacturers often change a lot of parameters of a vehicle when deploying them in different countries , the main reason for this is to make sure that the vehicle adapts to that particular market.
The main things the manufacturers alter are:
- Engine : Manufacturers often change the engine to suit the market , for example, I live in India where we seldom get any car(Global model) with more than 4 cylinder engine or even a turbo(petrol) , usually it is under 1.5liter in capacity even. The main reason behind this is that the India Market is economy sensitive , the need gas mileage and lower cost of procurement thus no point in rolling out a car with a fire-breathing V8 under the bonnet, it simply won't sell.
- Equipment: Many creature comforts like rear parking camera, electrically adjustable seats , sun Roof etc are usually never seen in popular cars in India even though their foreign counterparts usually come loaded with much more equipment simply because our market does not care for those things and other features like Sun Roof and heated seats are pointless in a tropical region.
- Safety Equipment: Now This is where my answer will be relevant to the OP's Question, Manufacturers often skip on expensive safety equipment in developing markets to reduce cost like ABS , EBD , Airbags , without these things the car is going to be less safe in terms of an accident but on the contrary will be more reliable for ownership since there are lot less equipment that can go wrong.
Manufacturers do not change the structural rigidity of a car for different countries , some companies like Hyundai installs thicker doors to export models which are manufactured here in India to meet the NCAP Saftey norms.
SO iF you are asking if one car lasts longer in one market compared to other then in terms of ownership less equipment will be more reliable than one which is fully loaded. The Quality of the equipment used can also vary. So its a mixed bag , there is no One answer.