6

Could I put a coil-on-plug (direct ignition) system in, let's say, a 1968 Ford Mustang GT? How much would I have to change? Could I add this setup to any gasoline engine?

5

You CAN. The question is how much time and effort you want to invest.

In your mustang, you have either points, or an electronic pickup (Hall Effect Ignition or HEI) that utilizes a single coil powering a distributor which distributes power to each of the spark plugs.

For Coil on Plug, you would:
a coil for each cylinder
Something to drive the coils (an ECU)
sensors for the ECU to determine crank/cam position and engine vacuum
something the sensor can read - likely a crank pulley or harmonic balancer
wiring harness to go between the ECU, sensors, and coils.
Some way to program it. Advance / RPM, Advance / Vacuum

This would not be a simple swap. HEI ignitions are very common and do a good job. Unless you are going for a full fuel injection conversion, I think it would be best to stick with a HEI.

I found one conversion kit on summit racing, but its for a honda B series.

https://www.summitracing.com/parts/avm-30-2860/overview/

You might be able to do such a setup with something like a arduino. You have 2 inputs (crank and map sensor) and 8 outputs (coils). Write up a little program that can determine TDC for each cylinder based on the number of cylinders and the pulse width of the crank sensor. From there you can add advance and add conditions for more/less advance.

  • I've only ever heard the term "HEI" refer to GM's High Energy Ignition system used primarily in the 70's-80's. This is a new on e on me. – Pᴀᴜʟsᴛᴇʀ2 Jul 22 '16 at 21:23
  • Either way, its points, some sort of electronic with a distributor, or distributorless ECU controlled - either coil packs, or coil on plug. I thought most electronic distributor ignitions used a hall effect pickup. – rpmerf Jul 23 '16 at 2:15
  • Not my point ... HEI is a GM acronym for their distributor. I'd just not heard it used in conjunction with Hall Effect Ignition. – Pᴀᴜʟsᴛᴇʀ2 Jul 23 '16 at 11:39
  • Great point. I just heard COP was more effective and thought I'd give research and asked questions on it. – LostPecti Jul 24 '16 at 11:30
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The biggest conceptual difference between a conventional coil-distributor-spark-plug ignition system and a system like coil-on-plug is the management of the spark and spark timing. A coil-on-plug system allows an Engine Control Unit (ECU) to manage the spark with low-voltage signals controlling the individual coils. In your hypothetical '68 Mustang there is no ECU (unless you add one), so you would need find another method to initiate the spark and control advance. It might be possible to do this using the distributor either with switches or with a sensor and electronic switching.

It seems doable and like it might be a fun project. But engines and engine controls have come a long way since the '60s and you may find that there are a number of complicating factors…

1

Every petrol/gasoline engine have a coil. It only might be located in different places and working on different voltages. Some have 1 single coil for all cylinders, some have individual coils - 1 for each plug, all in one case; some have individual, fitted straight on a spark plug, no leads.. So yes, you can fit. But why? What's on your mind..?

  • Just a little protected I wanted to tackle. Wanted to research more on COP and see if there would be any benefit in adding one to my car – LostPecti Jul 24 '16 at 11:33
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Computronix coil on plug conversation kit is a drop in setup

  • Hi Joel - while your post may be correct, we look for a bit more from answer posts, especially when there are already existing good answers, one of which is accepted. Please read our How to Answer page and any existing answers before posting. Thanks. – Rory Alsop Mar 22 '19 at 17:28

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