# How does mounting +1,+2 and +3 affect your vehicle? [duplicate]

This question already has an answer here:

The title is pretty self descriptive. It's common practice to equip your vehicle with bigger rims simply to achieve aesthetically pleasing looks.

Although I'm against modifications exclusively for the way they look it's getting harder to find rims for wehicles with rims smaller that 15" so I was contemplating fitting wider rims.

What effect do +1,+2 or +3 inch tires have on your vehicle when installing bigger diameter rims? Do they influence negatively on suspension and handling?

## marked as duplicate by JPhi1618, Hᴇʀʙɪᴇ, MooseLucifer, cdunn, Pᴀᴜʟsᴛᴇʀ2♦Apr 26 '16 at 20:27

This question has been asked before and already has an answer. If those answers do not fully address your question, please ask a new question.

• Do you mean +1 inch? – Hobbes Apr 26 '16 at 7:20
• I'm sorry yes, I'll edit the qustion. – EChan42 Apr 26 '16 at 7:23
• I think that as long as the car manufacture states that you can fit a specific rim in your vehicle there won't be dramatic effects on the suspension though it will get stiffer, with that being said your traction will improve and maybe the handling but it will have a slight negative effect on your acceleration, also the steering will get a bit heavier – method Apr 26 '16 at 7:43
• This question was just asked a few days ago: What is the effect of changing rim diameter while keeping wheel width constant? – JPhi1618 Apr 26 '16 at 13:31
• @JPhi1618 Does wheel width refer to the donut diameter or the width of the surface in contact with the ground, because if it's the first I think it's different. – EChan42 Apr 26 '16 at 13:38

## 1 Answer

In general, you get the least trouble when the circumference of the new tire is close to the old tire. So when you move to bigger rims, you also need lower-section tires. You can use a tire size calculator to find a combination that works well.

When the circumference of the new tire is much larger than the old one, your speed will be higher at the same rpm, your speedometer reading will be incorrect (too low), and acceleration will suffer. You can also get problems with the wheel hitting the bodywork.

When you go to a lower-section tire, the ride gets a bit less comfortable (the tire can't absorb bumps as well because it's stiffer), but handling improves (a stiffer tire means it allows less sideways movement of the rim relative to the contact patch).

Bigger rims can also increase unsprung weight, which may mean the ride over short bumps gets less comfortable. This could stress the shock absorbers a bit more, but I don't think this is significant. They're rated for the maximum weight of the car, which is a lot more than the few kg you can add in unsprung weight.

Unsprung weight doesn't change the ride height. The tire diameter can change the ride height, but you need to go to a much bigger tire size to make a visible difference in ride height.

• When it increases the unsprung weight does the ride height get lower then? also is it constantly stressing the shock absorbers – method Apr 26 '16 at 7:54