It's dependent on a considerable number of variables but easy Ines out of the way first:
If someone stole your car battery, there is no way that a few mobile phone power banks connected in series for a total voltage or about 12v would be able to give up enough amps to start the car
If someone stole your car battery you might be able to connect together many (tens or hundreds) of these power banks in a mixture of series and parallel to get approximately 12v and sufficient current delivery capacity, to start a car. You'd have horrendous problems with this many cells in parallel if they're mismatched voltages
If your car battery was completely dead because you left the lights on for a month, it's likely as good as stolen due to sulphation of the plates, it will unlikely be capable of storing enough energy to start the car and hence you'd have to proceed as above
If your battery was slightly too flat to start the car- you left the lights on for an hour while you were in the gym, it's a bit old, and now your engine is going "rur, rur, rur" but isn't starting then maybe a few power banks could see it running in the end; there would have to be sufficient energy stored in the banks to charge the battery of the car to a point where the car battery was capable of starting the car. How much energy would be required (how many power banks you'd need) depends on how flat the battery is i.e. how much more energy it needs to be topped up with for the car to start (big engines- more, cold climates- more, diesels-more, carburettor cars- probably more because they typically don't start as soon as ecu controlled cars, cold engine/not run recently- more and son on). It would be a slow process; the thin wiring inside the power banks would never flow enough current to turn the engine (the cables from car battery to starter are as thick as your finger) but it would slowly charge the main battery.
How much energy are we talking? Well, the battery on my car is 80 amp hour. The battery in my phone is 1 amp hour. Phone batteries have a higher energy density than a car battery but they have a much lower capacity. In theory an 80amp hour battery would take 80hours to charge on a 1 amp charger, from totally dead. In reality the usable capacity of a car battery is about 20%, as if they get discharged more than about 80% of total capacity it starts to irreversibly reduce the battery capacity.
Now, perhaps your battery that is just a bit too flat to start the car is 50% charged, but maybe only needs a 10% top up on its charge level and it'd be enough to start the car. For my car that would mean getting my battery that currently has 40ah stored, to 44ah. If your power bank was 4v and 1000milliamp hour (1ah) then somewhere more than 4 of them would maybe get my car battery up to the charge needed- they'd need to be connected in series to get the voltage above 12 in order to push charge into the car battery. Also the voltage of the banks would drop as they discharged so it's unlikely to be a straight maths "4 banks, 1ah each, gets the 4ah needed" because you reach equilibrium where the car battery is pushing charge back as hard as the power banks can push it out; charging stops
Hopefully this gives you an idea of what could be possible. Don't try it in practice; you're likely to start a fire, or damage an unrelated system in the car. You can buy dedicated power banks, like a big laptop battery, that are specifically designed to revive a low lead acid battery to a charge level that will start a car. They're about the size of a paperback book and are mostly lithium ion battery