I've been trying different driving styles for a while now, in an effort to reduce my fuel economy and tank range. I've found that I get the best results when racing around, as opposed to driving particularly slow or carefully. What's going on?

Also; how can I calculate the ideal range to shift (etc.) to achieve my goal?

• Need more information. What vehicle is this on? Numerically, what kind of differences are you seeing? How long are you driving for? How are you determining fuel economy?
– Zaid
Dec 20, 2015 at 12:51
• It's a VZ Commodore with a 5.7 Chev LS1. I don't see how that makes a difference, though. It has a fuel economy readout in the dash, below the speedo. Dec 20, 2015 at 13:22
• Maybe @Zaid feels like he needs more info to answer the question. Dec 21, 2015 at 2:48
• Are you resetting your gauge? there's a chance you aren't driving "economically" long enough to affect the average and therefore when you switch back to driving aggressively the average then reflects your "economic" driving...It's a rolling window, try resetting the gauge or unplug the battery. Dec 21, 2015 at 15:13
• @AM_Hawk I get what you're saying, but yeah; I've been driving this thing on a regular basis for at least the past 5 years or so. I've tried all sorts at various different stages. Appreciate you commenting though! Dec 21, 2015 at 23:48

Setting all other variables aside for a moment, "racing around" is something ill-defined and quite subjective, but it is entirely plausible that something like hard acceleration, while not in the short term, can get you better mileage in the long run.

To understand why this might be the case, you need to understand the power band. An engine's performance is typically rated by torque and horsepower.

The torque specification will usually be measured as the maximum torque an engine can produce at a given speed (RPM), while horsepower will measure the maximum amount of power also at a rated speed. Thus the power band is generally defined as the operating speed between the values of which peak torque and horsepower operate.

In this illustration, take the "flexible" engine. It has a peak torque rated say at about 245 ft-lbs @ 2500 RPM with horsepower peaking at about 225 @ 5500 RPM. The power band would be somewhere between 2500-5500 RPM. Rarely are these graphs nicely curved as pictured here. The torque would usually start drop immediately after its peak.

When the engine is operating within the power band, it is producing power the most efficiently. Under ideal operating conditions (maximum engine load and throttle), an engine will produce power the most efficiently at peak torque RPM.

But these conditions almost never happen on the road for a sustained period of time, so you will never have the maximal efficiency and so it's not guaranteed that it will be at that speed in typical driving conditions. In-fact the torque and power curves will typically be different depending on the engine load and throttle.

In order to understand these conditions, you would have to look at a BSFC or SFC (Brake / Specific Fuel Consumption) map of your vehicle, if one exists.

Edit to clarify: To lessen confusion, SFC can simply be thought of as fuel consumption divided by power. The lower the SFC number, the more fuel efficient it is at that speed. You usually see in these graphs that the engines run most efficiently at maximum throttle. That is because a wide-open throttle provides the engine with a really lean air/fuel mixture, meaning it's heavily aspirated (has a lot of air compared to fuel) and can burn it with relative ease and high efficiency.

As user1936752 stated, the best way to achieve this would be to drive in the highest gear possible as to maintain the lowest RPM to maintain a given speed. It would mean giving your engine a good amount of throttle.

So it's very possible that when you're "racing around" you're operating in the power range and so are increasing fuel economy in the long term. Generally when trying to maximize fuel economy, it's often recommended you accelerate briskly. Of course if you're not looking ahead you might have to brake and consume more fuel to accelerate.

If "racing around" means generally higher speeds, then you could get better economy because you happen to be in a higher gear. The best economy comes about at low rpm but in a high gear.

If you drive a manual, shift up soon without lugging the engine, get to top gear and stay at low revs there for the best mileage figures.

• "Racing around" generally means rapid acceleration, frequent braking, stiff cornering, etc. I rarely get above 4th gear unless travelling on a highway or freeway. The transmission is a Tremec T-56 6-speed manual. en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Borg-Warner_T-56_transmission Dec 24, 2015 at 16:10