There is no one-size-fits-all formula
Perhaps an analogy can help explain why this is.
The volumetric efficiency of an engine is analogous to a person's ability to fill their lungs with air.
To continue with the analogy, the various OBDII parameters are like a person's vital signs, such as heart rate, blood pressure and O2 saturation.
To say that the rate of lung fill between a smoker and non-smoker would be the same if their vital signs were identical would be wrong.
In similar vein (no pun intended), each engine has its own signature volumetric efficiency.
Don't get me wrong - yes it is possible to relate the various OBDII parameters to volumetric efficiency through an extensive mapping (which would involve bench-testing the engine in question) but even then this map would reflect the behavior of only the engine that was tested.
No guarantees can be given for other identically manufactured engines.
Predicting volumetric efficiency with just OBDII parameters would be an exercise in futility.