Look at it this way, the sequence is indeed linear - 1-2-3-4 and so on, with the neutral sitting in-between 1st and 2nd gear.
Which means, to shift to neutral from 1st gear (or down from second), one has to gently nudge the shifter into neutral, else it would directly jump to 2nd gear.
This is desire-able as one generally doesn't need to shift to neutral while riding/driving. In-fact, accidentally shifting to neutral while in motion can be understandably unsafe.
One of the advantages of sequential transmission is that one only has to think in terms of shifting up or down. I personally tend to forget which gear I'm in especially during multiple downshifts while slowing down. Removing neutral out of the picture and cleverly hiding it in between gears solves this problem effectively as one wouldn't un-intentionally fall into neutral with a committed click of the shifter.
Even if you did, you can shift to your desired gear by moving the shifter in the same direction as you previously did. Let me illustrate this with an example-
Suppose you wanted to shift down from 2nd gear to 1st and you didn't end up rocking the shifter down* all the way. You realize this and quickly press further, in the same direction to drop to 1st. It is one motion.
With the pattern you suggested, which was indeed used in older motor-cycles, if you accidentally miscalculated and dropped to neutral (being the lowest in order) you'd have to rock the shifter in the opposite direction to shift to first. This would require you to re-place your foot in the correct position wrt the shifter to achieve this. 2 movements in opposite directions. This is definitely slower.