What is a good place to begin building a kit/set up for performing your own service?

For example:

  • oil changes
  • waxing
  • detailing

What are the best tools/equipment to start with?

  • 1
    you may get some push-back for an overly general question. I'll try to give you a specific answer to a specific subset of the very broad topic that you're introducing, though.
    – Bob Cross
    Aug 1, 2011 at 21:16
  • 1
    I would suggest restricting the topic to basic mechanical maintenance. Waxing and detailing might move to an independent question.
    – Bob Cross
    Aug 1, 2011 at 21:33
  • After getting all the safety items, plan your next job and equip/rent/borrow the proper equipment. Aug 3, 2011 at 2:32

5 Answers 5


I'm going to answer the basic mechanical points, as weighted by my opinion of importance. I'm leaving out the issue of waxing as potentially too broad.

Safety: These are critical. Do not proceed down the list without addressing each (at least).

  • Safety glasses: Always wear them, especially when you don't think that you need to. I purchased mine from the local super hardware store for a quite low price. They're comfortable and not unfashionable.

  • Reliable jack and (4) jack stands: You should never lift your car with a bad lifting tool. I have a fairly expensive one that I really like because I liked the feature set and had some tax refund burning a hole in my pocket. A jack that is rated for less than two tons is not safe to use on any car that I would normally see in the US. Likewise, each jack stand should be well made, reliable and also rated for at least two tons. Remember, if you lift your car and get under it, you're under something that wants to kill you.

  • Wheel chocks: You should never lift your car without immobilizing the wheels. Putting the car in park and using the parking brake are also necessary but are not sufficient. If those wheels move, the car could roll off the jack stand and, again, kill you dead.

Basic tools: These are tools that you will appreciate having.

  • Socket set: I have a nice socket set with a variety of sizes that I purchased from a local auto supply store. It has a half-inch driver so I feel very comfortable putting a lot of my (modest) muscle into it.

  • Torque wrench: Anything that you disconnect on the car must be reconnected. They almost always need to be reconnected to a particular torque. You'll want your torque wrench to fit your socket set. Otherwise, frustration will ensue.

Convenience: These are things that you will likely appreciate.

  • Nitrile gloves: These are similar to rubber gloves but are made of a different material so I find them to be much more comfortable. These are great for keeping car goop off your skin. They are also sometimes handy if you're working with something that you didn't realize was as sharp as it really is. They won't keep you from getting stabbed but when you look down and see that the glove is hanging in shreds, you realize "oh. I need to be more careful."
  • 3
    +1 for mentioning the torque wrench, that counteracts the "gorilla with a toothache" syndrome when it comes to tightening fasteners. I would also add regular mechanics gloves to the list as they provide some additional protection in case the tool slips off and you hit the only sharp edge in the vicinity. Aug 1, 2011 at 21:38
  • @Timo, I agree with the additional gloves - I would suggest that you make your own answer with additions. I'm fairly certain that you and others can think of piles of tools that I've left off.
    – Bob Cross
    Aug 1, 2011 at 21:46
  • @Bob, Thanks for the list. +1 for categorizing and making the choices easier. Aug 2, 2011 at 13:45

First off, everything Bob said.


Socket Extensions: Your socket set may come with 1 or 2 extensions but I'd buy a couple more. Having different length extensions are invaluable for getting to hard to reach items, plus you can combine them together for a longer extension.

Socket U-Joint Adapter: I never see these in socket sets and you will regret not having 1 or 2 in combination with the extensions. The U-Joints allow you to use a socket wrench on a fastener that you can't get a straight line on. It allows you to gain access from more than a 45 degree off angle. Depending on where you put the U-Joint in the chain also alters the access angles heavily.

Combination Wrench Set: Sockets are great for speed but sometimes you just can't get onto a bolt with them and need to use a combination wrench. The box end (end with the fully enclosed circle) is useful for applying more torque, the open end being useful for slipping onto the bolt easier.

Magnetic Pickup Tool: You are guaranteed to drop a screw, nut, bolt, etc somewhere that you cannot get your fingers. These are telescoping or snake-necked tools that you can work your way to the item and grab it.

For Oil Change

Filter Wrench: Some filters (like my K&N) do have a standard nut on the end of it so you don't need to use a filter wrench but for the most part, you need one to loosen the oil filter. Sometimes they are a strap wrench that is a rubber strap with a handle, you wrap the strap around the filter and through the handle, then turn. Others are a round piece of metal that is tightened onto the filter.

Drain Pan/Bucket: You'll need something to catch the oil in. There are ones with spouts in them which are nice to keep from spilling when transferring into your storage container. Still, you can pull it off with just a simple bucket.

Storage Container: After you drain the oil, you need a sealing container to transfer the oil to your nearest disposal location.

For Brakes/Clutch/Other Lines and Bleeders

Flare Wrenches/Line Wrenches: If you are going to be wrenching on hydraulic lines you MUST get these wrenches or you will round them off. If you are only doing bleeding, you can get away with the box end of a combination wrench as you can put it on the bleeder valve before attaching the drain tube and just keep it on as you open and close the valve. See this question too How important is it to use a real flare nut wrench when removing the fuel line on an old Ford tractor?

One Man Bleeder: If you are going to be bleeding by yourself, you need a bleeding tool. If you will have a helper, you don't.

Waxing/Detailing: I can offer you a set of videos recorded by a member of my car club when we went to a professional car detailer (he has detailed cars for some of our members before shows in which they've won some very difficult to win awards) for some instruction.
Detailing Tech Session Videos

  • 2
    you hit some critical points that I didn't get to. I still don't have a good pickup tool, for instance. I'd advise a novice to stay away from anything hydraulic, involving bleeding or flare wrenches, though. IMO, that's at least intermediate work - then again, maybe he's a quick study. ;-)
    – Bob Cross
    Aug 2, 2011 at 1:27
  • 1
    Agreed hydraulics should not be the first job you do, but after going through it once watching/helping a friend on their car or yours, then it is easily repeatable.
    – ManiacZX
    Aug 2, 2011 at 2:18
  • Very true - and vice versa (like you say) - if you don't have the right tools, do NOT touch these parts.
    – Bob Cross
    Aug 2, 2011 at 2:36
  • What is a good shop to start off with. Can parts from Autozone be relied upon? BTW, thanks for the additions. Aug 2, 2011 at 13:46
  • Most AutoZone/O'Reilly/etc parts aren't their own brands but OEM equivalent manufacturers. For the most part, they are good and are built to match OEM Specifications.
    – ManiacZX
    Aug 2, 2011 at 14:49

Following on from Bob and ManiacZX's answers:


A good assortment of screwdrivers are essential - including torx or hex bits if your car uses them. Some socket sets include screwdriver bits, which can be very useful. An old long-handled flat driver can often double up as an impromptu pry-bar too...


Like the above, you'll probably already have a claw hammer in your household toolkit, but a small club hammer can often be useful for shock-loosening stuck bolts (especially on older cars where things have started to sieze)


Keep the following in stock:

  • Penetrating fluid - for loosening stuck bolts
  • WD-40 - for general lubrication
  • Coolant - of an appropriate type for your car, for topping up purposes
  • Engine Oil - For the same reason
  • Gearbox Oil/Transmission Fluid
  • Brake fluid - keep a small, sealed bottle of this for topping up. Brake fluid is hydroscopic (absorbs water), so don't use an open bottle - only buy it in the quantities you need.
  • Power steering fluid

Most of those you'll only need to keep in topping-up quantities, buy bigger amounts when it comes to time to change them.

Specialist tools

These are car-specific, so you'll need to check what you need. In particular, check what you need to remove the oil drain plug - some cars are a simple bolt that you can put a socket on, others use a square one that needs a special tool. If you don't have one yet, buy a workshop manual for your car, and read the section for the job you're about to do through twice before you even open your toolbox.

In general

Buy the best tools you can afford. Most amateur mechanics build up their toolkits over a number of years, gradually adding new things as and when they need them.

  • I am going to remind myself to not compromise on the cost. Especially the safety tools. Thanks for the suggestions. Aug 2, 2011 at 13:48
  • @Nick C, it occurs to me that it's probably worth getting a worthy pry bar (or several) rather than just rely on a could-fail-at-any-time screwdriver. I have 3 of various lengths that I love. They get a LOT of use around the house.
    – Bob Cross
    Aug 4, 2011 at 19:11
  • true, but I still tend to use a flat screwdriver for smaller jobs, such as dislodging stiff radiator hoses or bits of trim.
    – Nick C
    Aug 5, 2011 at 13:41


In the real-world, you'll experience fasteners which are no longer as designed, and will require the use of Vice-Grips to remove.


One more piece of advice, plan a space to collect your tools. It could be as simple as a small tool box or it could be the beginnings of a workbench and storage wall in a garage. Either way, having your tools organized will make the work more pleasant and efficient and will help you keep track of your growing investment. This question, How To Get Organized Without a Garage Workspace?, has some suggestions.

You must log in to answer this question.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged .