I have a 2000 Ford Windstar.

The headlights (and parking/tail lights) intermittently come on (and off), even after the headlights are switched off.

Typically, after parking, I'll turn off the headlights and remove the ignition key.

Sometimes the headlights will turn off as expected, but sometimes they stay on. If they are off, usually, within minutes, they will turn on, by themselves.

Sometimes, when this happens, they will "randomly" turn on and off a few times or more. This will be on and off every 2 to 5 seconds (sometimes more), but it is not consistent. Then at some point they will remain on. Sometimes the lights come on and stay on without flashing, and sometimes the lights stay off for a while, but then come on later.

The headlight system is a "standard" system, meaning there is no feature to "automatically" turn the headlights on/off based on the ambient light level.

The issue occurs day or night, and regardless of whether the ignition key is on or off or removed, and regardless of whether the engine is running or not.

The headlight switch is mounted to a small plastic panel that snaps in/out from the dash. I Popped this panel out, and removed the connector from the back of the headlight switch, and the headlights remained on.

As far as I know, when the headlight switch is turned on, the headlights remain on, at least that is what I have observed, but there may have been times where the flashing occurred with the headlights switched on, but I didn't notice.

This has happened since I purchased the car used. It seems it was rare at first, but it happens all the time now.

Some other oddities that I'm not sure of... It seems that sometimes, the parking/tail lights will come on but the headlights will be off, or the left tail light will be on, but the right tail light will be off. I can't be sure of this because it could have just been a matter of looking at one place or another while the lights were turning on/off, and thinking some lights were on and others were off. If this sort of thing is actually happening, it is rare because I have not been able to confirm it.

Currently, I have a "quick disconnect" on the battery and I always disconnect the battery when I park.

How do I troubleshoot this?

  • I say Poltergeists ... Your van is haunted! J/K. Sep 10, 2014 at 21:53
  • This sounds like a great idea that I should have thought of myself. I'll give it a try this weekend. As for pulling a fuse, I thought (perhaps wrong) that I would have to pull more than 1 fuse (headlights, parking lights), so disconnecting the (-) battery with a quick-disconnect seemed easier. @Paulster2 - I think you're right... I didn't see any fuse/relay panel under the dash, so they're probably under the hood. Sep 11, 2014 at 2:25
  • You also don't state whether you have anti-theft or keyless entry.
    – HasH_BrowN
    Sep 12, 2014 at 20:59
  • @HasH_BrowN - good point. It is not keyless entry. I have a typical cut metal key, and I believe there is a "chip" in the key. I don't have a "remote" to operate the door locks but I believe one existed at one time. No anti-theft features that I am aware of beyond the "chipped" key. Sep 14, 2014 at 3:30
  • Great comments about the FEM, I have a 2000 Explorer Sport, about a week ago it started to have the same Gremlin with my headlamps as your vehicle. I have checked everything and the most logical answer is the FEM unit that control the ground. On the Explorer it is located inside the back left quarter panel, it is called the ECM module. Will change it and see what happen.
    – user13685
    Dec 15, 2015 at 11:17

2 Answers 2


I think to pull a fuse is easy, as disconnect the battery. Anyway, I think some relay is broken. That will explain, why it flashing randomly. Turn the lights on and pull the relays under the dashboard one after another, until the light are off. Replace this relay ( shop or maybe you see the same one at another place).Hope, that will fix your issue.

  • I think your advice is fairly sound, but would bet the relay is located under the hood of the van, inside the engine bay fuse/relay box. Sep 10, 2014 at 21:51
  • The switch needs to be checked as well, don't rule it out unless you already checked it.
    – HasH_BrowN
    Sep 12, 2014 at 20:47
  • @HasH_BrowN - The problem happens even when the headlight switch is completely disconnected, so it would seem that there is some problem beyond the headlight switch. Of course, the switch may also be bad, so I'll certainly check it as well if there are problems after I re-connect the switch. Sep 14, 2014 at 1:32

Basically your headlamps are controlled by a computer. The Front Electronic Module (FEM) to be exact. The FEM grounds the headlamps when it wants to turn them on. This system was an early Multiplex design that reduced wire and total circuits where the modules communicate on a single serial line, now referred to as the CAN Bus (Controller Area Network). You will likely need a scan tool to diagnosis the car, and not a cheap one, but a professional model. You many even need a factory scan tool, though I doubt if for a Ford. Outside of security theft deterrent systems they allow the aftermarket professional scan tools to access their systems.

So where do you go from here? With or without a scan tool, the grounds are a good place to start.

G303 are the main ground for the FEM.

G304 is connected via C179 (C means connector) and through S139 (S means splice)

G304 is located behind the LH cowl panel C179 is located behind the LH side of the instrument panel S139 Dash panel to headlamp junction, near T/O to C192 Front Electronic Module (FEM)

You can see the FEM, G304, and C179 in the picture below. Outside of checking the connections and wiring there is not much you can do without a scan tool.

enter image description here

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