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On-Board Diagnostics-II (OBD-II)
On-Board Diagnostics-II is standard for vehicles self-diagnostic data capabilities as well as real-time data reporting capabilities.

Protocols
The OBD-II standard allows for five different signalling (or data) protocols to be transmitted through the OBD-II interface. These are:

  • SAE J1850
  • PWM SAE J1850
  • VPW ISO 9141-2
  • ISO 14230 KWP2000
  • ISO 15765 CAN

OBD-II Scan Tools
Most modern scan tools are capable of reading the 5 different data protocols. Most are capable of resetting/clearing fault codes while more advanced tools are capable of setting ECU parameters, controlling other on board units such as ABS and Air Bags as well as real time monitoring and data logging of various engine parameters.

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