These are questions regarding either manual or automatic gearboxes and their component parts.

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64
votes
17answers
97k views

Does Downshifting (Engine Braking) Cause Extra Wear and Tear?

Does the act of downshifting to slow your vehicle down have any negative side affects? I don't downshift more than one or two gears at a time and I let out on the clutch slow enough that I don't rev ...
23
votes
1answer
11k views

Why does the reverse gear in manual transmission cars sound different

When I got a manual transmission car (2003 Kia Rio) I noticed that it makes a winding sound in the reverse gear. Here is an example video that I found that demonstrates the sound. ...
21
votes
5answers
4k views

What is the technical reason the engineer decided the motorcycle gear pattern as follows?

The gear pattern is selected by clicking a lever with your left foot, and is typically laid out as follows: 6th gear (if applicable) 5th gear 4th gear 3rd gear 2nd gear NEUTRAL 1st gear What ...
18
votes
2answers
8k views

Why doesn't anyone ever repair an automatic transmission?

I am old enough to have had about four transmission failures spaced over about 40 years and at no time did any mechanic ever offer to “fix” it; the only diagnosis has been a complete rebuild. This is ...
16
votes
4answers
25k views

Driving in second gear at 65+ mph

I accidentally drove my 2000 Grand Marquis on second gear on the highway. I was going 65 for like 5 minutes and tried to get it to 70mph but the car was shaking, when I realized I put it into regular ...
14
votes
4answers
4k views

Is downshifting on hills harmful for non-trucks? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Does Downshifting (Engine Braking) Cause Extra Wear and Tear? Since the days of taking drivers ed (many years back). I was told that when you encounter a steep or ...
14
votes
5answers
8k views

Manual transmission at stop: 1st with clutch in, or neutral with clutch out? -OR- Throwout Bearing wear

When sitting in traffic or at a long red light, is the Best Practice to have the car in 1st gear with your foot on the clutch, or in neutral with your foot off the clutch? Some say that you should be ...
13
votes
4answers
1k views

Why do 5- and 6-speed transmissions typically need different gear ratios?

My 2013 Subauru WRX has a 5-speed manual, and I long for it to have a 6th gear when cruising on the highway. A friend has a 2012 Subaru STI with a 6-speed manual, and I noticed his car runs through ...
12
votes
5answers
21k views

How difficult is it to rebuild a transmission?

I have a 1984 Toyota Supra that is now exclusively a track car. The last round out we let some less experienced drivers take the wheel and they basically destroyed the transmission. Nothing but 4th ...
11
votes
4answers
10k views

Causes of early clutch failure EXCLUDING driver style

UK 61 plate, Ford Diesel Mondeo Estate, Econetic: clutch replaced at 31,800 miles; failure caused by 'driver style' I use my car daily for commuting and for business. It's supplied to me as a company ...
11
votes
5answers
24k views

2003 Chevrolet Impala - Jerks after Stopping

I have a 2003 chevy impala. When I hit the gas (whether it be a light tap or hit it pretty hard), my car kind of waits a second, jerks and then takes off (revs go kinda high when it's waiting). To ...
11
votes
4answers
10k views

What is the life expectancy of a Honda Civic Hybrid Continuously Variable Transmission?

I have a 2006 Honda Civic Hybrid with continuously variable transmission (CVT). At the 90k tuneup, the mechanic added 3.5 quarts of the regular automatic transmission fluid. At 110,000 miles, the ...
11
votes
1answer
85 views

Why don't cars use Sequential gearboxes?

I have always felt that the Sequential Gearbox configuration is much much faster than a ordinary gearbox used in cars. Why is this design used ? Any advantages? Note: I am aware that racing ...
9
votes
3answers
14k views

What disadvantages a car with 4-speed transmission have compared to 5, 6 or 7 speed with similar engine?

This seemed to be most relevant site to ask my question. I am planning to purchase a new car and my shortlisted car has 4 speed automatic and 1.6 litre engine. The thing that worries me is that it ...
9
votes
2answers
20k views

Engine revs high 5th gear manual transmission

What might cause a car with a manual transmission that in 5th gear when given a punch of gas revs to very high rpms – with no power transferred to the wheels (i.e. the tachometer and speed go ...
8
votes
4answers
774 views

What problems may occur if clutch is not used?

I was curious about what problems may arise if clutch is not used when shifting gears. Are the problems similar for both cars and bikes?
8
votes
4answers
21k views

Automatic transmission: Is shifting to neutral while approaching stops bad?

This is not with the intention of saving fuel (as I have seen many answers assuming savings in fuel while doing this). But I have this habit of putting the vehicle into neutral before approaching ...
8
votes
1answer
398 views

Why did manufacturers go to other than 1:1 transmission ratios?

While reading this question it came to mind: Why did manufacturers start building transmissions without a 1:1 ratio? In the older transmission you'd see the 1:1 ratio all the time, either as the ...
8
votes
5answers
83k views

Car shakes when in gear at red light

I bought a '96 Toyota Camry about a month ago. When I first turn the car on and the engine is cold, I can have the car stopped (in gear) and it will not shake. The idle RPMs will be at 1000. After ...
8
votes
1answer
35 views

How does Audi Crown Gear Center Differential work?

I'm trying to understand how the engagement of the clutches is varied. I see the power is transmitted through the center input shaft and is transmitted through the four pinion gears, but I don't ...
7
votes
3answers
269 views

Switching gears without clutch

I drove manual car for a long time but never tried to switch gears without clutch. Question: given that clutch-less shift is executed properly, does it take a toll on transmission in any way? For ...
7
votes
2answers
897 views

Why do hybrids still use mechanical transmission?

One of the comments on this question reminded me of something I've been wondering for a while. Given that engines get the best efficiency at peak torque, why do most hybrid cars still use a mechanical ...
7
votes
2answers
14k views

Clutch pedal no longer provides resistance, clutch won't disengage, what likely failed?

A little background information: Car: 1993 Ford Mustang LX [2.3L I4], 5-speed T5 transmission. I bought the car a few months ago, according to the previous owner the clutch was replaced fairly ...
7
votes
2answers
1k views

Any truth to the “myth” about changing transmission fluid in older vehicles?

I have had people give me anecdotal stories (friend of a friend type thing) about changing the transmission fluid in vehicles with 150,000+ miles, especially those that haven't had regular ...
7
votes
1answer
26 views

I own a 1989 Mercedes 560sec that has rpm surges for no real reason

It happens once or twice a month, I could be doing 60 mph, and its almost redlining at 5000 rpm!. Once the vehicle gets to normal operating temperature, and I turn it off for a few minutes and turn it ...
6
votes
11answers
43k views

Use of Neutral Gear in Automatic Transmission

I am new to driving A/T cars and I am trying to understand the use of Neutral(N) gear. Should I shift my gear from D to N when my car comes to a complete halt on a red light or somewhere else? As per ...
6
votes
3answers
3k views

Is it bad to drive slow at low rpms in 4th or 5th gear? Do you get better gas mileage?

Obviously running your engine at too high an RPM for too long isn't good. But what about running it too low? not so low that it stalls or lugs, but within around 1,000 RPM? Would you get better ...
6
votes
2answers
82 views

Why is it that the front of the car lifts up when releasing the clutch?

I don't know much about the inner workings of a car. For driving one, I find that having an rough idea about what the gearbox, engine and clutch do and where they are is often enough. However for the ...
6
votes
3answers
6k views

Durability of automatic transmission boxes versus durability of manual transmission boxes? Their lifetimes?

My friend is against cars with automatic transmission because he thinks that they break easily and that their repairing cost a lot. He thinks that it is impossible to maintain an automatic ...
6
votes
2answers
329 views

Motorcycle transmission occasionally pops out of gear

I'm having an issue where the transmission will occasionally downshift by itself during a fast acceleration. I have a 2005 Suzuki Vstrom 650 and it's been a great bike so far. At pretty high revs, ...
6
votes
2answers
2k views

What is the difference between an automatic and an AMT

I have seen many recent car launches in my home country which claim to have something called as an AMT or Automated Manual Transmission. I am curious to know how is this different from a traditional ...
6
votes
1answer
612 views

Clutchless Downshifts Using Throttle Blip on a Motorbike/Sequential Gearbox

This is with respect to non synchromesh, sequential transmission. Ducati along with several after market systems, implement clutchless downshifts by automatically applying a slight throttle to unload ...
6
votes
2answers
2k views

Why won't my Honda Rebel shift when idling?

I recently ( and successfully ) rebuilt the engine of my '09 Honda Rebel; she's running well but doesn't want to change gears when idling. If I'm moving she shifts gears without any hanging, ...
6
votes
3answers
2k views

What determines when an automatic transmission shifts?

I'm working on developing an automatic bicycle (mostly microcontroller based) and I'd presume I'd be shifting in a similar way to a car. So my question is, what factors does the transmission take into ...
6
votes
4answers
77k views

Slow Accleration And Moving RPMs

UPDATE: I bought a scan tool and downloaded the torque app. I don't get any error codes. I decided to drive it again today. I drove about a quarter mile and barely got to 20MPH. I turned around and ...
6
votes
1answer
148 views

Converting floor jack to tranny jack?

Is it possible to adapt/convert a regular floor jack to a tranny jack for the purposes of lowering the transmission assembly?
6
votes
1answer
794 views

Sometimes my second gear is rough to engage. What could be wrong?

So I've got an odd problem for a 2004 Toyota Echo. The second gear, sometimes not always, is hard to engage. If I be real gentle, and just put a bit of pressure, it would slip in. I could also be a ...
6
votes
1answer
34 views

Car manual says I have to wait a few seconds before shifting to reverse, why?

I am the type to read the owners manual of everything I buy. I am a new driver and I have just read my owner's manual. As the questions says, it's telling me not to instantly shift to revers when I ...
6
votes
1answer
57 views

How come gears don’t normally change in an automatic car?

I know that there is a similar question here, and another one here that asks when an automatic gearbox knows how to change gear, but I want to know exactly how it does that. It was brought to my ...
6
votes
1answer
53 views

What does it mean to have a stiff first gear?

This problem is a small one and it can only occur with manual cars, but I have been curious to find out more about it for a while now. Sometimes, when the car is attempting to pull away from a ...
6
votes
1answer
31 views

Scania clutch issue with syncromesh gearbox

The clutch of our 124 Scania stopped working properly with the "14 speed" syncromesh gearbox. The first time it happened, it ground instead of smoothly going into reverse (a non-syncro gear), to back ...
6
votes
2answers
130 views

Yamaha YZ125K 1983 transmission bearings

I'm restoring an engine and am unable to locate 3 gearbox bearings. Identifying mark is either IXO or IKO. It is a needle roller bearing type and sits RHS crank case 1/3rd gear shaft. Mark clearly ...
6
votes
2answers
54 views

Gear selection on 6 speed box

Hi I have a Peugeot 308 1.6 ehdi with a six speed manual gearbox and have noticed that when selecting first or sixth gear it does not go in smoothly it can be notchy or clunky this is quite annoying ...
6
votes
1answer
68 views

Wrangler JK transfer box options

Apologies for a very Jeep-centered question, that may not interest everybody. Here goes: I own a 2009 Wrangler JKU (pre face-lift), equipped with the 2.8 TD engine, Chrysler NSG370 six-speed manual ...
5
votes
3answers
5k views

Semi-automatic car inadvertently driven in manual mode

I have a 2008 Mazda 3 car with a semi-automatic transmission (i.e. it is automatic with the ability to switch to a manual mode). On the weekend, it was driven by somebody else who accidentally put it ...
5
votes
3answers
302 views

Are there cars that can shift to reverse even while moving?

I am aware that a car has to be at full stop in order to shift to reverse. Then I saw a video which was able to do a reverse without even stopping. Insane parking ...
5
votes
4answers
1k views

Subaru Outback Towing vs Coasting

We just recently got a Subaru Outback. It is a manual and has AWD. The dealer told us if we need it towed, it has to go on a trailer, and can't be towed with wheels down. I understand that this can ...
5
votes
4answers
9k views

1 Piece versus 2 Piece Drive Shaft

A guy on a Nissan forum asked why he should keep his 2 piece drive shaft in his truck instead of changing over to a 1 piece version. This was the answer I gave him: The 2 piece drive shaft (DS) ...
5
votes
3answers
2k views

How can I be sure my vehicle is a 4x4 / AWD?

I bought a pre-owned Volvo XC90 - 2007 3.2 V6 AWD. Or at least that's what it says on the car and the paperwork. Even in the dry, this car regularly spins the front wheels and there is fairly ...
5
votes
4answers
15k views

Random RPM jump when accelerating hard

I should state first off that I'm not much of a car guy when it comes to the actual mechanics behind them. I just wanted to check if there's anything going wrong with my transmission. I drive a 03 ...