Internal Combustion Engine. Most engines in road going vehicles are 4-cycle internal combustion gasoline engines.

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13
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3answers
12k views

Lugging the Engine (Manual Transmission)

So...lugging the engine obviously isn't something that is good. But why? For example when you feather a clutch to get the car moving, it lugs for a quick moment when you hit the catch point (When ...
35
votes
9answers
84k views

What actually happens when there is not enough oil in a car engine?

When a car is topped up with oil, it clear to most people that you are supposed to fill it to the recommended amount as specified by the manufacturer (normally on a dip stick). What exactly are all ...
12
votes
4answers
33k views

Engine power specification at different rpm?

Car companies advertise power of an engine at different rpms. Car 1: 80 PS at 6000 rpm Car 2: 85 PS at 6500 rpm What does the power at different rpm mean? Does it mean Car 1 has better power than ...
25
votes
3answers
8k views

Static vs. Effective compression: Why does higher effective compression not require higher octane gas?

Background I've been trying to do a lot of research on boost lately because I'm planning on running a moderate turbo setup on my daily/light-duty-autox car in the future. I'm trying to get into the ...
15
votes
2answers
446 views

What is a leak down tester and what can I do with it?

Background There are quite a few head gasket related questions on the site. Coolant or water in the oil, oil in the coolant or water in a radiator, etc. I'm thinking that some instruction on howto ...
10
votes
5answers
949 views

Second hand car - Engine/Tyres/Etc

I am looking into buying a second hand car from a reputable Mercedes-Benz dealer (not just some dodgy salesman by the side of a road lol....). Anyway, there are a few maintenance/mechanical things ...
15
votes
4answers
4k views

What actually happens when there is way too much oil in a car engine?

I saw the answers to a question I posted recently highlighting the disadvantages of having too little oil in an engine, but that got me wondering what if the complete opposite were to occur! I know ...
7
votes
4answers
36k views

Is engine braking harmful? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Does Downshifting (Engine Braking) Cause Extra Wear and Tear? My wife and I have a disagreement about a practice of mine--engine braking. When I'm driving her manual ...
8
votes
3answers
54k views

Oil in coolant - how much trouble am I in?

I have oil in my coolant reservoir. Could it just be the head gasket or is it almost certainly the entire engine or might it be something else entirely? Thanks in advance...
4
votes
1answer
292 views

What is a stress riser?

What is a stress riser and why is it important to avoid them during engine construction or rebuild?
17
votes
2answers
2k views

What does a flywheel do and what is it connected to?

I understand roughly how an engine works and that there is a crankshaft which is able to turn the flywheel using internal combustion. I have just realised that I have got absolutely no idea how the ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

Mazda 323: Plugged in Coolant Temp Sensor - Now Car won't Start

I recently bought a Manual 97 Mazda Lantis 323 1.8L DOHC 16 Valve BP. I found the following wire unplugged on the drivers side of the engine, next to the water intake from the radiator: It plugs ...
32
votes
9answers
48k views

Is it necessary to 'burn in' or 'break in' a new car?

I've just bought a new 2011 plate car. I've heard stories of people 'burning in' engines for the first few hundred or couple thousand miles using methods such as: Not driving above 50 mph. Varying ...
12
votes
3answers
10k views

How to begin learning engine tuning?

Quite simply, I want to begin tuning and modifying automotive engines for hobby. I have always been fascinated with cars, and I want to become knowledgeable in as many aspects of car tuning as ...
17
votes
4answers
56k views

what is difference between DOHC and SOHC?

I want to know the SOHC and DOHC configurations. On what factors an engine manufacturer decides to go with SOHC or with DOHC, what should I choose? DOHC or SOHC?
12
votes
2answers
186 views

Motorcycle Four Body Carburetor Synchronization Balancing

I would like to adjust four-body carbs by myself, in order to avoid spent money every time. What are the basic rules, tools and secrets of synchronizing multiple carburetor bodies?
15
votes
2answers
20k views

WHY does an engine stall? (manual transmission)

Before you write off my question as one that's been answered a million times already, I want to clarify. I understand that the engine needs to go a certain rpm and when you try to engage the clutch ...
22
votes
6answers
26k views

Is Start & Stop technology good or bad for my car? (Alfa MiTO)

I was recently in the lucky position to obtain an (almost brand new) Alfa Romeo MiTo, Progression. Like many new cars coming out these days, it has "Start & Stop" technology that turns the engine ...
19
votes
2answers
11k views

Why doesn't the engine stall out when you come to a stop with an automatic transmission?

When you come to a stop with a manual transmission you have to push the clutch in or take it out of gear to keep the engine from stalling out. What keeps the engine from stalling in an automatic ...
7
votes
5answers
365 views

What can cause a gasoline engine to suddenly & mysteriously stop (non-catastrophically)

I was thinking about this question and found myself wondering what could cause a gasoline engine to suddenly stop, and then be restartable? So not things like running out of fuel, or suffering a ...
24
votes
3answers
139k views

What does a water like drop coming out of the exhaust of the car signify?

Sometimes while driving in the traffic, I come across a car or two which would be dripping water-like drop from it's exhaust steadily in a break of 4-5 seconds. I tried to ask a couple of people at ...
19
votes
6answers
33k views

Is it OK to mix oil of different viscosity in a Wankel engine?

I have a Mazda RX-8 (with a Wankel rotary engine). Mazda advises North American owners to use 5W-20 oil. The engine was just replaced 200 miles ago by the dealer so it currently has 5W-20 in it. ...
19
votes
7answers
125k views

Is idling bad for your engine?

If I sit in my car for 30-40 minutes with the AC and the car idling, does that "hurt" the engine, or does it simply waste gas and pollute the air? Would it be better if I turned off the car? A ...
17
votes
4answers
45k views

Why does a Turbocharger only produce boost when the engine is under load

As per the Title. Why does a turbocharged car only produce significant boost whilst the engine is under load. Is is something to do with how much exhaust is being produced or is there some kind of ...
8
votes
3answers
22k views

Engine Size and Fuel Consumption

I have this weird misconception that the engine size is related to the amount of fuel being burned in one cycle(4-stroke engine). I know this is stupid but how does engine size relate to the amount of ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

How can I identify which cylinder is responsible for a petrol engine misfire?

My petrol engine has developed a persistent misfire. How can I figure out which cylinder is the culprit in order to hone in on the root cause?
15
votes
2answers
1k views

Why did Ducati decide to use the desmodromic valve train rather than a more tradition valve train?

Ducati's use a unique method to open and close their valves. It's called the desmodromic valve train. The desmodromic valve system does not use springs to close the valve, it uses the cam and has a ...
9
votes
6answers
655 views

Fuel consumption at same speed of different engine

I am wondering why two car running at 100 km/h for example with a 100 hp consume less fuel that an engine of 300hp. Even if I take a supercar lighter and more aerodynamics it will consume more. But ...
21
votes
7answers
92k views

What are the risks of overfilling a small engine with oil?

I recently overfilled a 4 stroke lawnmower engine with oil. It has been run for about 1.5 hours while overfilled. It smokes a lot right after being started but after 30 seconds or so the smoke clears. ...
10
votes
1answer
149 views

Coolant Reservoir

Two questions, One, is there any reason why some coolant bottles are shaped in this way? Two, if this coolant bottle was placed on its side such as in the image below for example would coolant ...
8
votes
2answers
203 views

BSFC (Brake Specific Fuel Consumption) - How is this a beneficial measurement?

Brake Specific Fuel Consumption or BSFC Measuring various attributes of an ICE (Internal Combustion Engine) and how it performs certainly gives a greater understanding of how a particular ICE ...
8
votes
1answer
408 views

Carburettor jetting on installation of aftermarket air filter

I have a 150cc motorcycle and am planning to install an after market air filter(K&N) since the stock one was favoring fuel efficiency and not performance. The bike has a carburetor (Mikuni) not ...
6
votes
2answers
7k views

What happens to a car engine when giving max throttle while not in gear

I was driving (well standing still actually) during rush hour, and I was suddenly wondering what would happen to a car engine when I would push the accelerator pedal all the way down while the engine ...
6
votes
2answers
13k views

Oil pan threads stripped?

EDIT Helpful links on how threads got stripped and by who: http://tl.acurazine.com/forums/showthread.php?t=878261 Seems to be a common problem with some shops, where they don't take good care. ...
3
votes
1answer
222 views

Turbo Charging Suzuki Splash/Ritz

Can I turbo charge my Suzuki Splash/Ritz? Its a 1.2 liter petrol engine with 85HP. What types of engines can be turbo-charged. If it's possible, how would I do it?
2
votes
1answer
103 views

Supercharger calculations

How to determine safe supercharged pressure and CFM for a motor cycle engine (fuel injected 149cc (9.31 cubic inches) 12.9 bhp?
21
votes
3answers
38k views

Is starting your car with the A/C on bad?

I was always yelled at by my father when I was first starting to drive when I left the A/C on when I turned off the car, and then later turned it back on, with the reasoning that I was ruining / ...
15
votes
6answers
2k views

Why or why not increase engine efficiency by running the car “fuel-lean” (using a turbo or supercharger)?

Everyone wants their cars to use less fuel, right? I read the following passage about running the car fuel lean from this website: Run the engine fuel-lean, that is, use excess air. It is well ...
11
votes
2answers
680 views

What's the cause of Diesels' typical clatter noise?

I guess it's related to their basically running off knocking, but if I were to explain it to someone like this, it wouldn't convince me neither. [Edit] From http://www.ford-trucks.com/forums/369700-...
10
votes
6answers
20k views

What is the purpose of plastic engine covers?

I have a 2010 Toyota Corolla. What is the purpose of the large plastic cover that stretches over my valve cover? Does it have a particular function? Are they just for looks? Or are they designed by ...
10
votes
6answers
12k views

Why does a diesel sound like that?

My car is in the shop for a repair, and they gave me a loaner. It's a Chevy Cruze Diesel. Sitting on the driveway, my wife said, "It sounds like a truck". It does. So what exactly it is about ...
9
votes
1answer
160 views

What are the various kinds of tappets / lifters and the advantages / disadvantages of each

A previous question about tappets found here: What are Tappets? covers the basics of tappets. If we go the next step, here are my questions: What are the various kinds of tappets / lifters? What ...
9
votes
1answer
369 views

How does intake manifold runner length effect the power curve of a car?

Recently I learned that a number of things such as the cam profile, compression ratio and the intake manifold runner length and volume can all effect the power curve of the engine. Here is an ...
9
votes
1answer
117 views

What is Lobe Separation Angle (LSA)?

What is Lobe Separation Angle (LSA) and how is it used in camshaft design? How is it measured? What difference does a long or short LSA make?
8
votes
1answer
1k views

Car Suddenly Decides To Not Crank

Today I turned the key to start up my car and all the lights (headlights and instrument panel) came on bright and normal, but the engine made absolutely no sound. It wouldn't start, it didn't even try ...
7
votes
3answers
2k views

What actually happens when there is not enough coolant in a car engine?

I know that a lack of engine oil can destroy an engine, so I was curious as to whether it is just as bad to drive a car with a very low engine coolant. What is engine coolant? What exactly are all ...
7
votes
1answer
281 views

What are crankshaft bearings and how are they different from camshaft end bearings?

I hope the answer is not too similar to this question. I have a basic understanding of the role a crankshaft plays in the internal combustion engine, which leads me to ask: Crankshaft Bearings ...
7
votes
1answer
85 views

What exactly is a head gasket?

From what I have gathered, a "head gasket" is an important part of the engine on most cars, but that is about it. What is a head gasket? Where is a head gasket? Why is it necessary?
6
votes
2answers
536 views

How exactly does an increase in engine temperature cause a car to breakdown?

I have an engine temperature gauge on the dashboard of my car (as most people do), but if for some reason the engine temperature is caused to increase (due to a lack of cooling or what have you), the ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

Acceptable amount of slack in a timing chain with high mileage?

1995 Chevy S-10 Blazer - 4.3 L Vortec V6 (vin W with PCM) - 230,000 miles original owner. FWIW, this model car/engine does not have timing chain inspection and/or changing as part of the routine ...