Internal Combustion Engine. Most engines in road going vehicles are 4-cycle internal combustion gasoline engines.

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Are there any vehicle engines that don't have a mechanical oil pump?

I my answer to How to move car a small distance without tow dolly I suggested putting a manual transmission vehicle in 3rd gear while towing with a rope or strap to apply back pressure and help keep ...
10
votes
1answer
80 views

What is the efficiency delta between rotary and modern four-stroke engines

Background There is a lot of opinion out there regarding the efficiency delta between wankel rotary engines and four stroke engines of various configurations (forced induction, etc). This delta, ...
6
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1answer
70 views

What are the basics of the combustion cycle in wankel (rotary) engines?

I'd like to understand more intimately the basics of the wankel engine combustion cycle. What I find interesting is: Simplicity of design Use of ports for intake and exhaust Conversion of energy to ...
9
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1answer
83 views

Ford Tractor 5600

This is a older tractor. My question relates to the fuel system. The older fuel injectors don't have any external seals? All of them seat and 3 don't leak but one does. I was looking for a seal but ...
4
votes
1answer
24 views

2003 Chevy Malibu Deluxe. Engine counter balancer timing

I replaced my timing belt. Now the engine vibrates horribly. I believe the cam timing is 100% but I believe I didn't time my counter balancer correctly. The Haynes manual photos and description ...
18
votes
3answers
955 views

What does under-square and over-square mean?

When building an engine, the terms over-square and under-square come up. What do these terms mean? How do they apply to engine building? Which is better for what purpose? Can you give examples ...
6
votes
1answer
120 views

What exactly is an “idle jet”?

I think this thing has something to do with injecting fluids in to the engine. What exactly is an "idle" or "pilot jet"? Does every car have one? What is their functional purpose (i.e. what do they ...
8
votes
1answer
129 views

What exactly is a “knurled piston”?

Recently I came across the term "knurled piston" and I don't know what it means. What is a knurled piston? What is the difference between that and a normal piston? Why should you use a knurled ...
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1answer
68 views

2010 Hyundai Accent starts but won't stay running

Car would stop running while driving it and wouldn't start after that; changed the alternator and now it will start but it doesn't stay running. It stalls every time I try to put it in gear to drive ...
10
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1answer
214 views

How do I get more power out of a rotary engine?

Background I'm looking at a few cars for a track day car that I can abuse. One of the vehicles I'm considering is an older Mazda RX7. The primary reasons being that it has a rotary engine as well ...
5
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1answer
104 views

Why do casting numbers on engine blocks matter?

In this question the OP references the block casting number his 454 GM motor. Why is the block casting number relevant information when talking about an upgrade to an American V-8 engine? Is this ...
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3answers
580 views

What actually happens when there is not enough coolant in a car engine?

I know that a lack of engine oil can destroy an engine, so I was curious as to whether it is just as bad to drive a car with a very low engine coolant. What is engine coolant? What exactly are all ...
7
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2answers
366 views

What are all the different types of fluid in a car and a short summary of their use?

A fluid is defined as anything that flows, hence for our purposes a gas or a liquid. I know that there is fuel, engine oil, engine coolant and brake fluid. Also air is normally taken in through a ...
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0answers
60 views

What will upgrading the Camshaft do to my BBC 454?

I have been told that upgrading the Camshaft in my GM 454 will increase performance. What will this do exactly and what will the engine actually gain? 10069286 block casting 454cu '90-'91 MY, Mark ...
22
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2answers
2k views

Why do two-stroke engine exhaust pipes look so strange?

Two stroke gasoline engine exhaust pipes are shaped strange. They expand into a wide diameter and then shrink down to a very small diameter where the exhaust gasses emerge into the environment. Why ...
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0answers
56 views

Vauxhall Vectra engine (1.6 petrol) cuts out

My beloved Vectra C (2006) a previous story here developed a new "symptom": engine cuts out while driving. Since there are other (possibly connected) symptoms I am going to list them one-by-one: ...
13
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2answers
500 views

Why do Harley Davidson engines suffer from such poor performance?

The modern Harley Davidson engine has very poor power output. Even when highly modified a 130HP engine can cost tens of thousands of US Dollars. Here are specs on one of the modern engines. ...
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3answers
235 views

What do the terms “combined port” & “direct injection” mean?

I heard these terms recently as part of the description of a new car. I know that there are intake and exhaust valves in the engine that are controlled by cams on the camshaft (if that helps you ...
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2answers
62 views

What exactly is an intake manifold?

This is one of those phrases I have heard a lot but never bothered to ask what it meant. Until now. What exactly is an intake manifold?
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1answer
71 views

What exactly is a head gasket?

From what I have gathered, a "head gasket" is an important part of the engine on most cars, but that is about it. What is a head gasket? Where is a head gasket? Why is it necessary?
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3answers
1k views

What actually happens when there is way too much oil in a car engine?

I saw the answers to a question I posted recently highlighting the disadvantages of having too little oil in an engine, but that got me wondering what if the complete opposite were to occur! I know ...
7
votes
1answer
122 views

What exactly is meant by “engine coolant”?

I know that engine coolant is a fluid in the engine used to dissipate heat spots and keep the engine cool in general as the moving parts generate heat. In this context, I would call the oil an "engine ...
10
votes
1answer
86 views

Computing Wheel Torque From Engine Torque

It seems possible to obtain engine torque and RPM from a truck CAN bus. I'd like to estimate tractive force at the wheels given these two values. How should I go about computing torque at the wheels? ...
5
votes
1answer
47 views

revving sounds and the engine cut

I have a 2002 Subaru Forester. My engine light came on a couple of days ago and I was planning on bringing my car in to have it checked out. This evening as I was driving I felt like the car would ...
7
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1answer
65 views

Dirty air filter seal

Whenever I have had work done in the past that I can't perform myself, timing belt etc every garage I have been too has made a real mess with my air filter. When I check the filter there is always ...
4
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1answer
58 views

Poor battery condition, replacement required! Or is it?

I drive a 2004 VW Passat B5. Recently, my insurance company came round to fit a black box to my car as part of the terms and conditions of my car insurance policy. Whilst they were doing this they had ...
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3answers
148 views

What prevents engine oil from mixing with petrol in motor bikes?

Engine oil is used in the lubrication process, at the same place petrol is also there. What prevents engine oil mixing with petrol in motor bikes?
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3answers
1k views

What exactly is a clutch?

I found out recently that the flywheel, driven by the crankshaft, is connected to (or part of) the clutch. I have a basic understanding of what a clutch does due to the fact that I know how to drive a ...
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2answers
842 views

What does a flywheel do and what is it connected to?

I understand roughly how an engine works and that there is a crankshaft which is able to turn the flywheel using internal combustion. I have just realised that I have got absolutely no idea how the ...
6
votes
2answers
344 views

How exactly does an increase in engine temperature cause a car to breakdown?

I have an engine temperature gauge on the dashboard of my car (as most people do), but if for some reason the engine temperature is caused to increase (due to a lack of cooling or what have you), the ...
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9answers
38k views

What actually happens when there is not enough oil in a car engine?

When a car is topped up with oil, it clear to most people that you are supposed to fill it to the recommended amount as specified by the manufacturer (normally on a dip stick). What exactly are all ...
9
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1answer
82 views

What exactly is a piston?

Here is a diagram of a disk brake. Notice that there is a piston (in red): This is a piston, most commonly used inside the internal combustion engine: Image 1 Source: ...
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4answers
924 views

What is regenerative braking and why don't we use it?

I know that many electric cars use regenerative braking to enable the car to become more efficient by converting what would otherwise be lost heat energy in to a more useful, reusable form of energy. ...
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2answers
110 views

1982 Yamaha Virago - Several things are wrong and i'd like to repair myself

Several things have happened in the past couple days and I would like to know what could possibly be wrong before I take it all apart. Engine dies after letting off the throttle while on the road. ...
7
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1answer
162 views

What are crankshaft bearings and how are they different from camshaft end bearings?

I hope the answer is not too similar to this question. I have a basic understanding of the role a crankshaft plays in the internal combustion engine, which leads me to ask: Crankshaft Bearings ...
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1answer
70 views

What are cam shaft end bearings?

I now have a basic understanding of the role a cam shaft plays in the internal combustion engine, but what is a bearing? Or more specifically, what exactly is a "cam shaft end bearing"? Also, where ...
22
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1answer
475 views

5-Stroke Engines - What are these things?

What is a 5 stroke engine? Why aren't they using them in vehicles right now? Is this a new thing or has it been around for a while?
4
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1answer
46 views

1997 Ford Fiesta Strange Ticking Noise

The 1997 Ford Fiesta I sometimes drive has started to make a strange sound. It has started to make a ticking sound after I was pushing the tiny little 1.25L engine very hard on the way up North with ...
9
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2answers
210 views

What are Performance Camshafts?

I read the following question recently: What is it about performance cams that make engines produce more power when they are installed? I know there are a few components for cars that have "cam" ...
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1answer
95 views

How to increase horsepower? [closed]

How can you increase horsepower on an engine through general modifications without modifying the internals of the engine? Are there benefits or tradeoffs from doing so? What kind of things could I ...
10
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1answer
559 views

What is a 6 Pack and will it add performance to my engine?

What is a 6 pack in the hotrodding world? Does it improve performance of my engine?
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82 views

Can you identify this part?

I have just had the cam belt and water pump changed at my local VW dealership on my 2004 VW Passat B5 and on the technical report they were kind enough to point out everything else they wanted to ...
4
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1answer
146 views

Cam Belt vs Belt Drive vs Serpentine Belt vs Fan Belt vs V Belt vs Timing Belt

I have a 2004 VW Passat B5 and having started to learn a bit more about engine theory, I was wondering how many belts I have and what names each of the belts have. So, I have a two part question: ...
5
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0answers
33 views

Ford F-150 4x2 4.9l straight 6 misses after lots of work

Just seems like plug wire, plug, or something missing shakes whole truck. It's acting like it's starving for gas. New plugs, plug wires, MAF sensor, idle control sensor, cleaned and still can't figure ...
12
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4answers
478 views

2000 VW Polo struggles to/won't start when engine warm

My 2000 1.4 petrol polo struggles to start when warm and sometimes will not start, until the engine has cooled down a bit, when the engine is on the hot side of warm. Embarrassingly, I have lived ...
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hi I've just done engine overhaul car is not starting [closed]

Good day. I've just done an engine overhaul of a Fiat Palio 16. When I try to start it the is swing but not start.
5
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0answers
121 views

Remanufactured 5.3 engine not firing on one bank

2007 Chevy Avalanche 5.3 vin 3. Bought a remanufactured engine, after install truck runs only on bank 1 (1,3,5,7). Have power to coil packs on bank 2 (2,4,6,8) but no spark. Put in new cam sensor, ...
12
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2answers
107 views

What is meant by degreeing a cam?

In the hot rodding world, "degreeing the cam" is an often used term when installing an aftermarket camshaft. What does the term mean, what does it do for you, why should you do it, and what are the ...
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2k views

Why are the blades of old car radiator fans unevenly spaced?

Fans that look like this: Is it to somehow help the balance of the engine?
10
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1answer
107 views

Formula 1 valve trains

There was a statement in a post regarding Formula 1 valve trains being pneumatic or magnetic. Are there valve trains driven magnetically or pneumatically that are on the market? When did they start ...