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I live in Minnesota. I've seen lots of people recommend changing to winter tires in the winter. However, what doesn't make sense to me is that the roads are plowed very well here. 90% of my driving in the winter is either on dry or liquid-wet pavement; it is rare when I drive in the snow or ice. So I should get winter tires for conditions that are only in effect 10% of the time? Why not then keep the winter tires on year-round?

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2 Answers

up vote 4 down vote accepted

As I said before, it's a trade-off: All weather tires vs winter tires

So I should get winter tires for conditions that are only in effect 10% of the time?

It depends: how bad is that 10%? Is it the difference between well-plowed and deep snow with a slush garnish? Are you trying to improve the handling or are you worried that you'll:

  • get stuck
  • not be able to get to the top of a critical hill
  • not be able to stop at the bottom of a critical hill
  • not be able to make that icy turning offramp up ahead

I live in Rhode Island with all-season tires and our snows are generally minimal or manageable, well-plowed (especially after I've finished shoveling my driveway) and I avoid driving when I'm worried about other drivers.

Even so, I still wish I had dedicated snow tires for exactly that 10% when everything goes wrong and all the margins of error become much tighter.

Why not then keep the winter tires on year-round?

Winter tires will give poor performance on dry hot roads when considering handling, top speed and road noise. They're wasted in warm weather unless you decide to try rallying or rallycross.

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+1 You want these winter tires for the 10% of the time and it's help when you want to escape from a risky situation (aka others car with 4 seasons tires).I'm Living in Quebec, Canada where winter tire are now mandatory from dec. 15 to april 15, but I would put winter tires anyway. –  Gabriel Mongeon Jul 5 '11 at 14:34
    
@Gabriel, exactly. They aren't a magic spell but they reduce the probability of a disaster. I sure I wish I had some.... –  Bob Cross Jul 5 '11 at 15:18
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Having moved from an area with plenty of snow (western New York) to an area with less (Boston), I still switch to dedicated snows in the winter. I have to say, it's very comforting when in traffic in the snow to know that I can stop and turn better than the vehicles around me. Also, I use high-performance summer tires that are downright scary in even a little slush... –  mac Nov 8 '12 at 15:52
    
@mac, like I said, I'm with you: winter tires are great when you need them and you almost never know in advance. It's always comforting that you have equipment on hand that can help you avoid an accident even when you feel like the rest of the world is just driving around aiming at you. –  Bob Cross Nov 9 '12 at 2:39
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For the part of the question of why not just leave winter tires on all year, see Why should winter tires not be used at summer? (essentially, they aren't made to handle summer conditions)

It isn't purely about surface conditions, although that is a big portion of it. The compounds that winter tires are made out of are designed for the lower temperature ranges.

Its the simple jack of all trades master or none statement.

Winter tires excel in cold weather, will fail in summer.

Summer tires excel in summer and will fail in winter.

All-Season tires will work in both, but cannot match the performance of the specific season tire.

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Actually, most all-season tires do not use a rubber compound suitable for sub-zero temperatures. –  chris Jul 4 '11 at 15:47
    
Humans aren't suitable for sub-zero temperatures either, my answer doesn't account for insanity :) –  ManiacZX Jul 5 '11 at 19:04
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As a Canadian, I'm not sure if I should agree or be offended :) –  chris Jul 5 '11 at 20:29
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